- THE EFFECT OF BIRTH ORDER ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF THE ADOLESCENTS, IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN AJEROMI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF LAGOS STATE
- A SURVEY OF PROBLEM AFFECTING THE IMPLEMENTATION OF SOCIAL STUDIES CURRICULUM IN SOME SELECTED JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL IN ALIMOSHO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF LAGOS STATE.
- THE CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS OF TEACHING AND LEARNING VERBS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS
- EFFECT OF BIRTH ORDER ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF THE ADOLESCENTS, IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN AJEROMI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF LAGOS STATE
- INTERNET AND EDUCATION: (A CASE OF THREE SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN LAGOS STATE)
- PIDGIN ENGLISH, EFFECTS AND DANGERS: A CASE OF THREE SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN LAGOS STATE.
- PROBLEMS AND PROSPECT OF TEACHING OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS (A STUDY OF TWO SELECTED SECONDARY SHOOLS IN IFAKO-IJAIYE LOCAL GOVERNMENT UNDER EDUCATIONAL DISTRICT IV OF LAGOS STATE)
- STUDENTS' ATTITUDE AND PERFORMANCE IN THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE
- IMPACT OF INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA ON STUDENTS' ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS
- CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS OF TEACHING AND LEARNING VERBS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS
A SURVEY OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS USED FOR EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF ECONOMICS IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS
This research work aimed at examining instructional materials used for effective teaching and learning of Economics in Senior Secondary Schools.
The problem observed in the research work was that, there should be provision for the maintenance of the instructional materials and there should be adequate information to teachers on the availability of ready made Instructional materials.
For the purpose of providing the theoretical framework and background for the study, the researcher reviewed various literature such as books, magazines, journals and unpublished past projects which directly relate to the research work.
Furthermore, a structured questionnaire was deigned to collect data based on the review. The questionnaire was divided into two sections (Aand B) section A dealt with biographical data of the respondents while section B dealt with research statements. The data obtained in section B was analyzed using percentage scores and other statistical means such as pie chart, bar chart, line graph and chi-square. Having analyzed the data thoroughly, my findings, showed that instructional materials create lasting impressions on the part of the learners and it enables the students to grap the meaning of concept being taught fast and easily.
Based on the outcome, the researcher therefore recommended that government should intensify efforts in providing maintenance for instructional materials provided in the secondary schools.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page i
Table of contents viii-ix
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background to the Study
1.2 Statement of the Problems 1.3 Justification for the Study 1.4 Limitations of the Study
1.5 Significant of the Study 1.6 Research Questions
1.7 Definition of Terms
CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 2.1 Introduction
2.2 General concept of Instructional Resources
2.3 Classification of Instructional Materials
2.4 Importance of Instructional Materials
2.5 Problems Associated with the use of Instructional
2.6 Selection of Instructional Material for Effective
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.2 Research Design
3.3 Research Instrument
3.5 Sample and Sampling Techniques
3.6. Data Collection Procedure
3.7 Method of Analysis
3.8 Reliability and Validity of the Study
CHAPTER FOUR: PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA
4.2 Analysis of Respondent Bio-data
4.3 Analysis of Research Questions
4.4 Discussion of Findings
CHAPTER FIVE: CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
It is necessary to note that teaching aids are important catalysts of social reengineering and change in learners. It is obvious that effective instructions cannot be well accomplished without the use of instructional materials.
The reason is not far-fetched: advances in technology have brought instructional materials especially the projected and electronic materials to the fore front as the most radical tools of globalization and social development which have affected the classroom teaching learning situation positively such technological breakthrough as net worked and non-net worked; projected and non-projected; visual, audio, audio-visual electronic materials are important landmarks in knowledge transfer. With them both teaching and learning become very pleasant experiences.
Instructional materials possess some inherent advantages that make them unique in teaching.
For one thing, they provide the teachers with interesting and compelling platforms for conveying information since they motivate learners to want to learn more and more. Also, by providing opportunities for private study and reference, the learner’s interest and curiosity are increasingly stimulated.
Further, the teacher is assisted in overcoming physical difficulties that could have hindered his effective presentation of a given topic. They generally make teaching and learning easier and less stressful. They are equally indispensable catalysts of social and intellectual development of the learners.
Bolick (2003) pointed to a good relationship between effective teachings and using of instructional materials. He argued that “… while some educators have been fascinated by the potential of instructional materials to enhance teaching and learning, teachers lagged behind in using instructional materials during teaching and learning. Others expressed doubts that instructional materials will ever incite teaching reform in social studies”. Instructional materials are integral components of teaching-learning situations; it is not just to supplement learning but to complement its process. It then shows that, if there must be an effective teaching-learning activity, utilization of instructional materials will be necessary.
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS
The poor funding of schools greatly affects the procurement of instructional materials in majority of the school.
Majority of Instructional Materials used in the schools are out dated and irrelevant to the teaching and learning of the subject.
Majority of the modern Instructional materials procured by the schools cannot be operated because the teachers are not experts in uses of these materials such as computers, projector and other gadgets.
1.3 JUSTIFICATIONS FOR THE STUDY
The practical justification for this study is that it is an instrument for accelerating the pace of all inertia in a people, achieve mobilization and direct their productive forces in improving their living condition.
1.4 LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
The limitations to this study could be the time needed to sample opinion from schools.
The huge financial resource needed to get relevant materials and time limit to complete and submit the project.
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The study is significant because it would show the relevance of teaching as a profession and the impact of a teacher in influencing the future development and growth of a leaner. How teaching and learning materials design, production and their use facilitate the teaching and learning outcomes.
1.6 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
In attempt to make a survey of instructional materials used for effective teaching and learning of economics in senior secondary schools it is necessary to ask some pertinent questions.
A. What are the relevant instructional materials that could aid the teaching and learning of economics in senior secondary schools.?
B. What is the role of government in supplying instructional material in senior secondary schools?
C. What are the impact of using these instructional materials on the students.?
D. What are the problems facing teachers in using these instructional materials in senior secondary school.?
E. What are the financial constraint facing the teacher in getting these instructional materials.?
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERM
Terms can be defined as some special chosen words used in the course of this project which are defined below to make it more explanatory and meaningful.
o Instructional Material: are objects such as printed, audio and visual that aid in the successful delivery of lesson.
o Effective communication: is usually the result of a careful selection of the appropriate medium or combination of media available by an effective teacher.
o Teaching: The work or profession of a teacher.
o Learning: Knowledge gained through reading and study.
o Projected: are forms of media which could be visual, audio and audio-visual in nature that requires projection and electricity in their using process for teaching and learning situation.
o Non projected: These are materials that do not require any form of projection before they can be utilized.
o Development: the process of gradually becoming bigger, better, stronger, or more advanced.
o Technology: new machines, equipment, and ways of doing thing that are based on modern knowledge about science and computers.
o Visual Aid: this appeal to the sense of vision (the eye) such as still pictures, maps,, charts, graphs, diagrams, chalkboard, sketches, atlas and painting.
o Manipulative materials: are instructional materials that the learners actually handle skillfully, deal with, and manage expertly to bring about the desired behavioural changes.
Below are the hypothesis on which the project will be based
A. There is a significant relationship between the instructional materials used for effective teaching and learning and the level of the student.
B. There is significant relationship between the roles of teacher and instructional materials used for effective teaching and learning.
C. There is a significant relationship between the role of government and instructional materials used for effective teaching and learning.