CULTISM IN NIGERIAN UNIVERSITIES
This project work examined “The Origin Causes and effects of Cultism in Nigerian Universities.
Cultism has been one of banes of the Higher Institutions. It is a cankerworm that has gradually eaten deep into the fabrics of the universities and other higher institutions and even the large society.
This worked is divided into four chapters the first chapter dwelled on the introduction, purpose, scope and methodology.
Chapter two focused on the literature review. Chapter three is discussed the causes of the prolification of cultism in Nigerian Universities, while chapter four is concerned with the Summary, Conclusion and Accommodations of the study.
It is important that, of cultism is to be eradicated all hands must be on deck to find solution to it.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cover Page i
Table of Contents vi
1.0 Introduction 1
1.1 Statement of Problem 2
1.2 Purpose of Study 3
1.3 Scope and Methodology 3
2.0 Literature Review 6
3.0 Proliferation of Cultism in Nigeria Universities: Plausible Factors 18
3.1 Factors that Affect the Growth/Proliferation of Cultism in
Nigerian Higher Institutions. 20
3.1.1 The Education Sector and Cultism 21
3.1.2 Nigerian Society and Cultism 23
220.127.116.11 Military Coups 23
18.104.22.168 Political Assassination 25
22.214.171.124 Ethnic Militia 26
126.96.36.199 Diminution of Family Influence 29
3.13 Nigerian Law 30
End Notes and References 34
Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations 37
4.1 Summary 37
4.2 Conclusion 39
4.3 Recommendation 43
Nigerian Institutions of higher learning have often been regarded as "citadels of learning" or “Ivory Towers” until recently, as a result of the incessant increase in cult activities on Nigerian campuses. A look at Nigerian newspapers and magazines would depict the daily exploits of members of cults on campuses. As has been observed by Eneji (1996), almost every passing day, there are new stories of devilish acts carried out by secret cults on Nigerians Higher Institutions. But then, what exactly is cultism? or more specifically; what is a secret cult?
WHAT IS A SECRET CULT?
The word "cultism" etymologically can be traced to the Latin word "Cultus" which mean's to worship. The Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary (2001), states that, cultism is "a small group of people who have extreme religious beliefs and who are not part of any established religion.”
Another dictionary defines cultism as "an orthodox or false religion” or a great often excessive admiration of a person.” A more related definition would be cultism regarded as "something which is popular and regarded as particularly significant by a certain group of people. In another dimension the Oxford Concise Dictionary of Sociology (1996) gives the anthropological definition of “a ‘cult’ as a set of practices and beliefs of a group in relation to a particular god” it also gives a sociological definition of it as a small group of religious activists whose beliefs are typically secret, esoteric and individualistic. Ogunbameru (1997) defines as activities which are kept away from the knowledge of others. These activities are
1.1 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
Nigerian Institutions including Universities, Polytechnic, Colleges of Education, once known for their prestige and high standard in imparting knowledge have. fallen into the portals of disrepute receiving disdain from the society and the academic community in the outside world due to the infiltration of secret cults who unleash violence on Nigerian Institutions of Higher learning.
1.2 PURPOSE OF STUDY
The research makes an attempt of tracing the origin of cultism in Nigerian Higher Institutions, depicting and elucidating those conditions that stimulate and promote cultism and also analyse the various policies put in place by the Nigerian government and the administration of these institutions.
1.3 SCOPE AND METHODOLOGY
This work examines the issue of cultism in Nigerian Higher Institutions. To give the reader the basic idea of what cultism is about, the writer begins with various definitions of cultism propounded by various scholars in the introduction, then moves outwards and discusses the changes occurring in the educational sector which have some bearing on cultism propounded by various scholars in the introduction, then moves outwards and discusses the change occurring in the educational sector which have some bearing on cultism and the proliferation of cultism.
This is followed by the analysis of those changes which have taken -place in the society and play a role on the problem of cultism.
Furthermore, the study is divided into four chapters to include introduction, literature review, plausible factors and then solutions instigated is a content analysis research project whose methodolical approach adopts oral interview, written sources, electronic media sources which include articles, books, magazine, internet sources etc. distributed questionnaires and also visiting a number of tertiary institution to gather one on one opinion of the work under study from students in these tertiary institution.