DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A SECURITY INFORMATION SYSTEM


Content

 

ABSTRACT

The principal objective of this project is to help Security Information Systems (SIS) especially NIGERIAN POLICE which is my case study in the area they encounter problems in securing security data-processing and efficient information system. This will be the solution given to handle this problem by transforming the existing manual information system into an automated form and overcome the existing problems of insecurity and delay in data processing. I decided to use an automated database system to enhance information storage and keep track of security information. Again, doing this will ensure that there is an effective security information system computerization. To achieve this, Visual Basic 6.0 is used for its implementation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page                                                                                                    i

Certification                                                                                                         ii

Dedication                                                                                                  iii

Acknowledgement                                                                                      iv

Abstract                                                                                                      v

Table of contents                                                                                        vi

List of figures                                                                                             viii

List of tables                                                                                               viii

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 INTRODUCTION                                                                                1

1.1 Statement of problem                                                                                     3

1.2 Objective of the study                                                                           3

1.3 Definition of terms/variables                                                                3

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1 Security Information system                                                                5

2.2 Information security                                                                             10

2.3 Cia as Information Security Watchword                                                        10

2.4 Risk Management in Information Security                                           13

2.5 The Relevance of Cryptography to Security Information                     16

2.6 The Concept of “Due Care” In Security Information                                     17

CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY AND ANALYSIS OF THE EXISTING SYSTEM

31. Fact finding method                                                                              19

3.2 Organizational structure                                                                       20

3.3 Objectives of the existing system                                                                   21

3.4 Input, process, output analysis                                                            21

3.5 Information flow diagram                                                                     22

3.6 Problems of current system                                                                            22

3.7 Justification for the new system                                                           23

CHAPTER FOUR: DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NEW SYSTEM

4.1 Output specification and design                                                           24

4.2 Input design and specification                                                              25

4.3 File Design                                                                                            26

4.4 Procedure chart                                                                                    28

4.5 System flowchart                                                                                  29

4.6 System requirement                                                                              29

4.7 Program flowchart                                                                                31

 

CHAPTER FIVE SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATION. AND CONCLUSIONS

5.1 Summary                                                                                              33

5.2 Conclusion                                                                                           33

5.3 Recommendation                                                                                  34

REFERENCES                                                                                         35

APPENDIX                                                                                                36

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIST OF FIGURES

Fig 3.2 Organization Structure                                                                             20

Fig 3.5 Information Flow Diagram                                                             22

Fig 4.1.1 Security Signal Report                                                                24

Fig 4.1.2 Police Personnel Information                                                       25

Fig 4.4 Procedure Chart                                                                             28

Fig 4.5 System Flowchart                                                                           29

4.7 Program Flowchart                                                                               31

Fig 5.1 Program Flowchart                                                                         32

LIST OF TABLES

Table 4.3.1 Structure for “Police Information”                                           27

Table 4.3.2 Structure for File “Signal”                                                                 27



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 INTRODUCTION

National security is the requirement to maintain the survival of the state through the use of economic, security operatives especially police, political power and the exercise of diplomacy. The concept developed mostly in the United States of America after World War II focusing on the police and military might. Now, it encompasses a broad range of facets, all of which impinge on the police and military for economic security of the nation, lives property and values protected by national society. Accordingly, in order to possess national security, a nation needs to possess economic security, energy security, environmental security, etc. Security threats involve not only conventional foes such as other national states but also non-state actors such as violent non-state actors, narcotic cartels, multinational corporations and non-governmental organizations; some authorities include natural disasters and events causing severe environmental change in this category.

The origin of the modern concept of “national security” as a philosophy of maintaining a stable nation state can be traced to the peace of Westphalia, wherein the concept of a sovereign state, ruled by a sovereign, became the basis of a new international order of nation states.

As an academic concept, national security can be seen as a recent phenomenon which was first introduced in the United States after World War II, and has to some degree replaced other concepts that describe the struggle of states to overcome various external and internal threats. The struggle of states to overcome various external and internal threats. The earliest mention of the term national security, however, was made in Yale University in 1790 wherein was made to its relation with domestic industries. The concept of the national security became an official guiding principle of foreign policy in the United States when the National security Act of 1947 was signed on July 26, 1947 by the U.S. President Harry S. Truman. Together with its 1949 amendment, this act create American national security d important facets for American national security as the precursor to the department of defense, subordinated the security operatives branches to the new cabinet level position of the secretary of defense, established the National Security council and the Central Intelligence Agency. The Act did not define national security which was conceivably advantageous as it’s ambiguity made it a powerful phrase to invoke whenever issues threatened by other interests of the state, such as domestic concerns, came up for discussion and decision making.

The realization that national security encompasses more than just security was present though understated, from the beginning itself. The US National Security Act of 1947 was set up “to advise the president on the integration of domestic security and foreign policies related to national security”.

Gen Maxwell Taylor’s essay of 1947 titled “The Legitimate claims of National Security” has this to say;

The national valuables in this broad sense include current assets and national interests, as well as the sources of strength upon which our future as a nation depends. Some valuables are tangible and earthly; others are spiritual or intellectual. They range widely from political assets such as the Bill of Rights, National Security and political institutions and international relations to many economic assets which radiate worldwide from a highly productive domestic economy supported by rich natural resources. It is the urgent need to protect valuables such as these which legitimizes and makes essential the role of national security.

1.1 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Security information system has always played a vital role in the stability of a nation. Keeping security information manually can hinder some defense program and delay passage of security information to the appropriate body. Manual documentation of security information can lead to exposure of the information thereby creating threat to the nation at large. Hence, there is need for an automated security information system to guaranty safety of information.

 

1.2 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The general objective of the study is to develop a database for security information storage and retrieval.

Specifically, the following objectives are also considered:

i. To build a database system for police security information.

ii. To develop a software for managing security information.

iii. To determine the effectiveness of Nigerian police in managing signal.

 

1.3 DEFINITION OF TERMS/VARIABLES

Policing: Policing is another way of depicting the police.

Anti-policing: Anti-policing is the society’s social attitude opposed to war between states and in particular countering arguments based on policism.

Databases: A systematically arranged collection of computer data, structured so that it can be automatically retrieved or manipulated. It is also called a databank.

National Security: The requirement to maintain the survival of the nation-state through the use of economic, policing, and political power and the exercise of diplomacy.

Information Security: means protecting information and information systems from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, perusal, inspection, recording, or destruction.

Classified Information is sensitive information to which the access is restricted by law or regulation to particular groups of persons.

Security Management is a broad field of management related to asset management, physical security and human resource safety functions.

 

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