- AN EVALUATION OF MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING TECHNIQUES ON ORGANIZATION DECISION MAKING PROCESS (A CASE STUDY OF CADBURY NIGERIA PLC, IKEJA, LAGOS)
- THE IMPACT OF PERFORMANCE EVALUATION THROUGH THE ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL STATEMENT ON INVESTMENT DECISIONS (A CASE STUDY OF LOGMAN NIGERIA PLC.)
- THE EFFECT OF FORWARD INTEGRATION ON PERFORMANCE OF MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY (A STUDY OF CADBURY NIGERIA PLC)
- THE EFFECT OF GOVERNMENT EXPORT PROMOTION POLICIES ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF EXPORT BUSINESS IN NIGERIA (A STUDY OF THE NIGERIAN EXPORT PROMOTION COUNCIL [NEPC])
- EFFECTS OF PERFORMANCE EVALUATION THROUGH THE ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL STATEMENT ON INVESTMENT DECISIONS (A CASE STUDY OF LOGMAN NIGERIA PLC.)
- ECONOMIC EFFECT OF ADVANCED FREE FRAUD IN THE BANKING SYSTEM IN NIGERIA
- EFFECT OF FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES IN THE MANAGEMENT OF PUBLIC ENTERPRISE (A Case Study of NNPC)
- THE INDEPENDENCE OF AUDITORS AND RELIABILITY OF FINANCIAL REPORTS IN THE NIGERIA BANKING SECTOR
- CONTRIBUTIONS OF FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS TO THE GROWTH OF MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY IN NIGERIA
- THE IMPACT OF CASHLESS POLICY ON THE PERFORMANCE OF FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS IN NIGERIA
EFFECT OF FINANCIAL STATEMENT ANALYSIS ON INVESTMENT DECISION MAKING (A CASE STUDY OF FIRST BANK OF NIGERIA PLC)
The statement of problem highlighted that the management is constantly faced with the problem of making alternative decision due to the fact that resources are relatively scarce. The research question were on factor affecting the use of financial statement analysis information, adequacy and accuracy of accounting information by managers in their decision making process. It was found that the employees of First Bank of Nigeria Plc, Awka, will be inspired for better performance when the board of directors gives maximum attention to their welfare and prompt payment of salaries as a motivational incentive, encouragement of free two-way communication etc. However, it was further found that these issues are not given the necessary attention as found by the study. It was recommended that the board of directors of First Bank of Nigeria Plc should give attention to the welfare of the employees as well as to encourage workers two-way communication and that necessary working tools and other logistics, be provided for the employees to enable them perform the work.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title Page i
Table of Contents vi
Chapter One: Introduction 1
1.1 Background to the Study 1
1.2 Statement of Problem 3
1.3 Research Questions 4
1.4 Objectives of the Study 5
1.5 Statement of Hypotheses 5
1.6 Significance of the Study 7
1.7 Scope of the Study 8
1.8 Limitations of the Study 9
1.9 Definition of Terms 11
Chapter Two: Review of Related Literature 14
2.1 Introduction 14
2.2 Definition of Financial Statement 15
2.3 Objectives of Financial Statement 17
2.4 Users of Financial Statement 19
2.5 Forms and Content of Financial Statement 22
2.6 What is Financial Statement? 27
2.7 Purpose of analyzing Financial Statement 28
2.8 Definition of Management 30
2.9 Management Decision: Proper Analysis of
Financial Statement as a Basis 32
2.10 Analytical Techniques and Tools of
Financial Statement 35
2.11 Classification of Ratios 38
2.12 Computation of Ratios 40
2.13 Limitations of Financial Ratios 47
2.14 Usefulness of Financial Statement Analysis 47
2.15 Limitation of Financial Statement 48
Chapter Three: Research Method and Design 49
3.1 Introduction 49
3.2 Research Design 49
3.3 Description of Population of the Study 49
3.4 Sample Size 50
3.5 Sampling Technique 50
3.6 Sources of Data Collection 51
3.7 Method of Data Presentation 52
3.8 Method of Data Analysis 52
Chapter Four: Data Presentation, Analysis
and Hypothesis Testing 53
4.1 Introduction 53
4.2 Presentation of Data 53
4.3 Data Analysis 61
4.4 Hypothesis Testing 64
Chapter Five: Summary of Findings,
Conclusion and Recommendations 68
5.1 Introduction 68
5.2 Summary of Findings 68
5.3 Conclusion 69
5.4 Recommendations 69
1.1 Background to the Study
1.2 Statement of Problem
In fact, it is not surprising that in most cases of performance evaluation in the business organization, there is always an expression of dissatisfaction. In this research, some of the problems associated with it are; different accounting policies adopted by companies make comparison difficult. Financial ratios are expressed in figures and this may be misleading unless one remembers the principle upon which they are based. Ratio analysis is derived using historical data and there is a question as to whether or not the data provides relevant basis for making predictions.
1.3 Research Questions
1. Does different accounting practices adopted by firms affect making comparison of ratios?
2. Does the information generated using ratio analysis derived from historical data provides relevant basis for prediction?
3. Does the ratio expressed in figures be misleading when you do not know the principles upon which they are based?
4. Does the changes in the general price level affect ratios derived from financial statement?
1.4 Objectives of the Study
The following are objectives of the study:
1. To find out if different accounting practices adopted by firms affect making comparison of ratios.
2. To ascertain if the information generated using ratio analysis derived from historical data provides relevant basis for prediction.
3. To determine if ratio expressed in figures cannot be misleading when you do not know the principles upon which they are based.
4. To determine if the changes in the general price level affect ratios derived from financial statement.
1.5 Statement of Hypotheses
HO: Different accounting practices adopted by firms do not affect making comparison of ratios.
HI: Different accounting practices adopted by firms affects making comparison of ratios.
HO: Information generated using ratio analysis derived from historical data do not provide relevant basis for prediction.
HI: Information generated using ratio analysis derived from historical data provides relevant basis for prediction.
HO: Ratio expressed in figures cannot be misleading when you do not know the principles upon which they are based.
HI: Ratio expressed in figures cannot be misleading when you know the principles upon which they are based.
HO: Changes in the general price level do not affect ratios derived from financial statement.
HI: Changes in the general price level affects ratios derived from financial statement.
1.6 Significance of the Study
One importance merit of the research is that it would help the management of First Bank of Nigeria Plc, Awka branch and interested firms to identify their strength and weakness and also work vigorously towards achieving its corporate objectives.
It could be a source of information and reference material to other researchers both in business enterprises and institution.
Finally, it will also assist investors, shareholders and other interested persons to appreciate the importance of financial statement analysis about investment, disinvestment and asset management.
1.7 Scope of the Study
There are several firms engaged in business activities, but for the purpose of the study, we will restrict our research to Guinness Nigeria Plc, Benin City. It is centred on financial statement analysis as a tool for effective decision making and it is limited to Guinness Nigeria Plc management and staff and with a total sample size of 50 between 2010 – 2014.
1.8 Limitations of the Study
The research was operated with some limitations which ought to be stated for proper appreciation of study. These limitations include:
i. The availability of financial and resources is limited being that the researcher is a student and has no source of income/finance except her pocket money.
ii. The respondents showed a certain reluctance to answer some questions especially those pertaining to their company’s decision making.
iii. Given the time space in which the researcher had to do this work, it was not possible to touch every aspect of this subject matter.
1.9 Definition of Terms
The following are the terms used in this research work:
i. Accounting: This is the collecting, compilation, recording and analyzing of a business financial transaction, the preparation of financial reports and the presentation of such report to management to assist in decision making.
ii. Annual Reports: This shows the financial result of operational plans for future communications to its shareholders and other interested parties.
iii. Financial Statements: This is a document of record used by a firm to communicate its financial information to those who have interest in the company.
iv. Income Statement: This is also known as operating statement. It reflects the effort of management operating decision on business performance and the resulting profit and loss for the owners of the business over a specified period of time.
v. Assets: This described as the economic resources, i.e. things of value owned by a firm.
vi. Liabilities: These are debts payable in the future by the firm to the creditors.
vii. Ratio: This is the indicated quotient to two in mathematical expression.
viii. Ratio Analysis: This is the systematic use of data interpreting financial statement so that the strength and weakness of the firm, as well as the historical performance and current financial condition can be determined.