EFFECT OF STRESS ON JOB PERFORMANCE OF A FACTORY WORKERS


Content

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Title Page                                                                                                                              i          

Certification                                                                                                                                    ii

Dedication                                                                                                                           iii

Acknowledgement                                                                                                             iv

Table of Contents                                                                                                               v

 

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.0       Background of the Study                                                                          1

1.1       Statement of Problem                                                                                           1

1.2       Significance of the Research Problem and The Justification For Investigating It                                                                                                         2

1.3       Relevant Research Questions                                                                              3

1.4       Scope of the Study                                                                                     3

1.5       Limitation of the Study                                                                                        4

1.6       Purpose of the Study                                                                                            4

1.8       Definition of Terms                                                                                               5

1.9       References                                                                                                                6

 

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF LITERATURE

2.1       Definition of Stress                                                                                                8

2.2       Sources of Stress Experienced Workers                                                            11

2.3       Consequences of Stress in an Organization and Individual                       12

2.4       Stress and Individual Personality in Our Society                                          13

2.5       Managing Stress in an Effective and Efficient Ways                                    18

References                                                                                                                23

 

CHAPTER THREE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS                                                                                        25

3.1       Summary of the Findings                                                                                     25

3.2       Conclusions Drawn From the Findings Including How the Study Has Answered the Research Questions                                                                       26

3.3       Recommendations Based on the Conclusion                                      27

3.4       Suggestions for Further Studies                                                             27

References


CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

 

1.0       BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Job life is one of the important parts of our daily lives which cause a great deal of stress. Due to the competitive nature of the job environment, most of the people in the world arc spending their time for job related work purposes resulting in ignoring the stress or influencing that work and life. Usually, people are more worried about the outcome of their work that can even affect the way they treat other people and how they communicate with their peers and. customers.

 

People react to stress in different ways some coping much better than others and suffering fewer of the harmful effects of stress. Some occupations are more stressful than others. There are various ways that stress symptoms or outcomes are reflected in the workplace. Evidence from a growing body of research suggests that certain individuals in a. variety of occupations/levels of job related stress (Schultz and Schultz, 2002).

 

Stress is a word derived from the Latin word “Stringere” meaning to draw tight.

 

1.1       STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

Organization continues to face a lot of management problems that have their roots from occupational stress which are as follows:

i.                    Role ambiguity, which exist when an individual lacks information about the requirement of his/her role, how those role requirement are to be met and the evaluative procedures available to ensure that the role is being performed successfully.

ii.                 Bad work relationship

iii.               Demand associated with family and finances

iv.               Unfair remuneration

v.                 Role conflict

vi.               Pressure originated from workload

vii.            Rapidly   changing   technology   which   increases   the   pressure   of workforce to perform maximum output and enhance competitiveness

viii.          Working conditions including shift and weekend, hours of works, discrimination and safety at the work environment

 

1.2       SIGNIFICANCE OF THE RESEARCH PROBLEM AND THE JUSTIFICATION FOR INVESTIGATING IT

The research project will be of great importance and benefit to factory workers organization and as well as general public who will leave the benefit of going through this project work. The study is worth pursuing because; its findings would be beneficial to the society, organization, students, lectures, and individuals in the following works;

(i.)              The findings will go a long way in educating the populace on how best to handle stress.   

(ii.)           Individuals employee will also know how to handle stress positively i.e timing stress to enthusiastic.

(iii.)         Organisation especially the key personnel will know what to do to help employees who are experiencing stress.

(iv.)         Organisation will understand that stress management in an organization must be handled by professionals.

(v.)           Recruitment and selection exercise will be handle with great care and skill.

 

Above all, chapter two of this study will focus on literature review. For the purpose of the study, the project is intended to dwell upon learned submission of some renounced authors on stress aspect in an organization. Their different position will be perused and comment will be made on each chapter three of the study will focus on summary, conclusion and recommendation.      

 

1.3       RELEVANT RESEARCH QUESTIONS

The research questions utilized in this project are:

·                    Is there any relationship between stress and job satisfaction.

·                    Does stress really affect job performance of a factory worker?

 

1.4       SCOPE OF THE STUDY

The main focus of the study is to determine the effect of stress on job satisfaction of factory workers.

 

The limitations are that some people do not know they are going though stress as they are already used to their routine work. Others do not want to change in order to adjust their schedules because they are afraid of the outcome. Some people do not know how to manage stress people and its effect.

 

1.5       LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The study will limit its scope to the factory workers of organization in Lagos metropolis.

·                    Thus, inadequacy of time,

·                    Finance attitude of the respondent,

·                    And other research related problem such as securing primary data from the company, and as well as lukewarm response from respondents who had questionnaire on time would pose as limitation.    

 

1.6       PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

Stress is something that is common to every employee and so it’s not an issue that should be lightly look into the research; while it is really aimed at basically to find out the various forms of stress experienced by workers. It will also examine the effects of stress on performance, turnover and absenteeism of the worker.

 

The purpose of the study could however be itemized as follows;

(i.)              To critically examine the concept of stress and it impact on employee performance.

(ii.)           To identify the sources of stress experienced by the worker.

(iii.)         To determine and examine ways by which stress could be effectively managed in an organization.  

 

1.8       DEFINITION OF TERMS 

(i.)       Stress: Stress is the wear and tear of our body experienced as are adjust to continually changed environment.  

(ii.)     Stress Management: This can be define as various effort to control and reduce the tension that occurs in stressful situation.

(iii.)    Employee: This is either skilled or unskilled individual who is assured to be economically gesture, and he/she is employed for some form is reward.

(iv.)    Work Environment: This is the organizational arrangement of the work situation, which has a high impact on the employee.

(v.)      Performance: This is the degree of effectiveness in utilizing the facilities of production, especially in labour and material.

(vi.)    Destructive Stress: This is the stress that acts in a dysfunctional way for both individual and the organization.

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.9       REFERENCES

Akanji S. O. (2003) “Nigeria Business Environment and Ethics” Borj Venture.

 

Lazarus R. and S. Folkman (1984): “Stress Appraisal and York”, Springer Inc.

 

Bulk and R. Fraley (1956): “Reference Service Today”

 

Ghaleb,    Thuria    2008,    Physicians    Suffer   from    Higher   Levels   of   Stress comments, May 13, 2008.

 

Giga and Hoel, Violence and Stress at Work in Financial Services', October 2003.

 

Kazmi, Rubina 2007, Occupational Stress and its Effects on Job Performance; A Case Study of Medical House Officers of District Abbotabad, First Proceedings of International Conference on Business and Technology, December 17, 2007, Pages 182-186, Iqra University Islamabad.

 

Khuwaja , AH Khan e.t. al 2002, Comparison of Job Satisfaction and Stress Among Male and Female Doctors in Teaching Hospitals of Karachi, Department of Community Health Sciences, The Aga Khan University.

 

Meneze M. M, 2005, The Impact of Stress on productivity at Education Training & Development Practices: Sector Education and Training Authority.

 

Michie, S and Williams, S 2003 'Reducing psychological ill health and associated sickness absence: A systematic literature review', Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Volume 60, Pages 3-9.

Mimura, C and Griffiths, P 2003 The effectiveness of current approaches to workplace stress management in the nursing profession: an evidence based literature review', Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Volume 60,Pages 10-15.

 

Rolfe, Foreman and Tylee, 'Welfare or Farewell? Mental Health and Stress in the Work Place', Issue 268, 2005.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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