EFFECTS OF MOBILE PHONE USAGE ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS (A CASE STUDY OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN KOSOFE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF LAGOS STATE)


Content

ABSTRACT

This research work was aimed at finding out the Effects of Mobile Phone Usage on Academic Performance of Students in Lagos State. Kosofe Local Government of the state was the focus and the practical investigation used four secondary schools in the LGA as a case study. Two questionnaires were drawn up/drafted, one for teachers, the other for students. 120 copies were made for students and 80 copies for teachers. The investigation was empirical. Teachers and students were sampled in the study. It was discovered that the use of mobile phones constituted a distraction to students and have negatively effectively affected their academic performance. It is essential to develop a curriculum that is inclusive of strategies of coping with mobile phone usage without impairing academic performance.

 


 

TABLES OF CONTENTS

 

Title page                                                                                     pages

Certification                                                                                      i

Dedication                                                                                        ii

Acknowledgment.                                                                             iii

Abstract                                                                                            iv

Chapter one: Introduction.

1.1. Background to the study.                                                        1      

1.2    Statement of problems                                                           3

1.3    Purpose of the study.                                                             4

1.4    Research questions                                                                 4

1.5    Research hypothesis                                                              5

1.6    Significance of the study                                                        5

1.7    Limitation of study                                                                  6

1.8    Definition of terms                                                                  6

1.9    Delimitation/scope of the study                                            7

Chapter two:  Literature Review.

2.0.      Introduction                                                                            8

2.1    The Concept of Mobile Phone                                                8

2.2    Mobile Phone and Students Learning                                  12

2.3    Importance of Mobile Phones in Education                         16

2.4    Possible Dangers Posed to Children                                    17

2.5    The Effects of Mobile Phones in Education in

Developing Countries                                                            19

2.6   Side Effects of Owning a Phone by Students

Health Hazards                                                                      21

2.7    Gender Difference in the use of Mobile Phone           22

2.8    Appraisal of Literature Review                                              23

 

Chapter Three: Research methodology

3.0    Introduction                                                                           25
3.1    Population                                                                              25

3.2    Sample and Sampling Techniques                              25

3.3    Research Instrument                                                             26

3.4    Validity and Reliability                                                 27

3.5    Instrument Administration of the Research Instrument     27

3.6    Method of Data Analysis                                                       28

Chapter Four: Analysis of research Question and Results

4.1       Introduction                                                                           30

4.2       Presentation of Result                                                           33

4.3       Hypotheses Testing                                                                36

4.4       Summary of Findings                                                            41

Chapter Five: Interpretation and Discussion of result

5.1    Introduction                                                                           42

5.2    Discussion                                                                              42

5.3    Summary                                                                                45

5.4    Conclusion                                                                             46

5.5    Recommendations                                                                 46

References:                                                                                       48    

Questionnaires.                                                                         52

 


CHAPTER ONE

1.0 INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

The performance of secondary school students in their studies has been poor. Performance of a student often depends on how serious he is with his studies. And this may not be unconnected with the student’s possession of mobile phones, among other distracting factors.

Academic achievement is the outcome of education — the extent to which a student, teacher or institution has achieved their educational goals, academic performance is the ability to study and remember facts and being able to communicate your knowledge verbally or on paper or its how students deal with their studies and how they copy with or accomplish different tasks given to them by their teachers.

A mobile phone (also called mobile cellular telephone, or cell ) is an electronic device used for two-way radio telecommunication over a cellular network of base stations known as cell sites. The origin of mobile phones can be traced back to the late forties (1940s). The concept of the mobile phone was developed from the innovation of a radio used in a taxicab, police-cabs, ambulances and other vehicles that used two-way radio to communicate with one another or a main headquarters. In 1960’s mobile phone technology was available, but the ‘catch’ was that the mobile user had to stay within a certain broadcast area.

We are now in the third generation mobile phone which we can use our phones to do many things, for example: text messaging, internet and making calls any wherein the world. Mobile phones have changed the way we live our lives and to many the prospect of a world without voice calling, text messaging and mobile internet access is an unsetting one.

According to Shreiner (2012) cell phones present new opportunities and challenges for students. Along with their books and school supplies, many students make their trip to school with their mobile phone. The presence of cell phone provides a host of options and challenges for today’s students.

Mobile phones can be a helpful academic tool, or a hurtful academic disruption depending upon the attitude and use pattern of the student owner.

 

1.2   STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

In the recent past, it has been observed that there has been a serious decline in academic performance of students in the senior secondary school external examinations. The trend affects the teachers as well as parents who bear the financial responsibilities of the students. Part of the blame (for poor performance) has been laid on the door of mobile phone usage.  There are a number of negative and unhealthy impacts and effects of mobile phone on students’ performance. According to Ansari (2004), these include   the wastage of time and money, its vibration and use may be harmful to health.

With cell phones, cheating has turned high. Students can text answers to tests, take pictures of tests or search the internet for answers. Despite rules about cell phones, students still use them during school hour . Some teachers give zero to any student caught with a phone during an examination. According to (Watson 2006), many assume that the students are cheating if they have cell phone during a test.

In view of this, stakeholders in education are worried by the danger that the poor performance of students poses. Indeed, they are concerned that the future of this great nation is at stake. This study will, therefore; investigate the effects of mobile phone usage on academic performance of secondary school students in Kosofe L.G.A of Lagos State.

1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

The purpose of studying the effects of mobile phone usage on  stakeholders in education specifically, they study will try.

i.             To determine the extent to which mobile phone usage in the classroom affects students’ academic performance.

ii.           To identify the effect of mobile phone on students learning

iii.          To examine the gender differences in the use of mobile phone.

1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS

The study is meant to answer the following research questions:

i.             How far can mobile phone usage affect students’ academic performance?

ii.           To what extent does the use of mobile phone affect students’ learning?

iii.          In what way does gender affect the use of mobile phone?

1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESES

i.             Students’ academic performance is not significantly related to mobile phone usage.

ii.           There is no significant relationship between students’ use of mobile phones and their learning.

iii.          There will be no significant gender difference in students’ use of mobile phone.

1.6   SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

Improved academic performance has a tremendous value on educational system of any nation. This research would therefore be of great assistance to educational administrators, students and parents as well. The findings of this study would be of value in the sense that it would:

i.             Foster restricting of mobile phones due to its effects on their academic performance.

ii.           Enable parents to be informed on the consequences of mobile phones during school hour.

iii.          Enable students to understand how mobile technology can be used for learning.

iv.          Clear the doubts of the government about the ban of mobile phones use among secondary school students.

1.7 LIMITATION OF STUDY

The study was constrained by time, finance and mobility. The study covered only four secondary schools in Kosofe local Government Area of Lagos State.

1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS

·        Academic performance: is the outcome of education — the extent to which a student, teacher or institution has achieved their educational goals.

·        Mobile phone: This is a telephone that does not have wires and works by radio that people carry about and use everywhere.

·        Learning: This is the acquisition of knowledge.

·        Information and communication Technology (ICT):  It refers to the set of tools that students use to process and communicate data.

 

 

1.9 DELIMITATION/SCOPE OF THE STUDY

The scope of the study covered some randomly selected students and teachers of four schools within Kosofe Local Government Area.

These include:

i.            Muslim High School Oworonshoki

ii.          Ogudu grammar school, Ojota

iii.        Ifako comprehensive college

iv.         Intel Westend college Oworo  

        

                                                           

 

 

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