FULL-TIME STUDENTSHIP AND INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) UTILIZATION


Content

ABSTRACT

This study investigated full-time studentship and information and communication technology at University of Lagos, Akoka Lagos. Background information on full-time studentship and information and communication technology (ICT) were provided in this study. The descriptive research survey design was applied in collecting relevant information from the selected respondents. This was done through the use of the questionnaire and personal observation with the students who participate in this study. The personal data collected from the sampled principals and vice-principals were analysed using the simple percentage frequency counts, while the four null hypotheses formulated in the study were analysed, using the independent t-test statistical tool at 0.05 level of significance. The results obtained showed that that there is a significant relationship between information communication technology and students’ learning behaviour in University of Lagos, that there is a significant relationship between information communication technology and students’ academic achievement in school at University of Lagos, and finally, it was indicated in hypothesis three that there is a significant difference between the perception of students of information communication technology from that of their teachers. Based on the findings in this study, it is recommended that Students should endeavour to embrace the use of information communication technology, especially, the full-time students, the present circular at various levels of education should be reviewed to reflect information communication technology application, communication and utilization skills, every university should internally work out ways and means of properly computerizing her functions. The committee of vice-chancellors of Nigerian Universities should pick interest in the programme of proper computerization of Nigerian Universities in view of the enormous benefits derivable from it. Furthermore, possible suggestion towards further studies were offered.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page                                                                                            i

Certification                                                                                        ii

Dedication                                                                                           iii

Acknowledgment                                                                                 iv

Abstract                                                                                              v

Table of contents                                                                                 vi

 

CHAPTER ONE                                                                                  1

Introduction/Background to the Study                                                    1

Statement of the Problem                                                                     4

Purpose of the Study                                                                            6

Research Questions                                                                              7

Research Hypotheses                                                                           8

Significance of the study                                                                       8

Scope of the Study                                                                               10

Definition of Terms                                                                              10

 

CHAPTER TWO:    LITERATURE REVIEW                                          12

Introduction                                                                                        13

 

The Concept and Nature of Information Communication Technology          15

 

The Utilization of Information Communication Technology (ICT)               20

 

The Problems Inhibiting Utilization of Information

Communication Technology                                                                   24

 

Purpose of University Education in Nigeria                                              27

 

The Relevance/Role of Information Communication Technology (ICT) in Improving Quality of University Education                                                28

 

Information Communication Technology as a Facilitator to Teaching

and Learning                                                                                       29

 

Summary of Review                                                                              30

 

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY                                 32

Research design                                                                                   32

Population                                                                                           33

Sampling technique                                                                              33

Sample size                                                                                         33

Research instrument                                                                             34

Validity and Reliability                                                                          34

Procedure for data collection                                                                 35

Procedure for data analysis                                                                   35

 

CHAPTER FOUR:  Data Analysis and Presentation of Results         36

Result Presentation                                                                              38

Hypothesis Testing                                                                               45

Summary of Findings                                                                            49

 

CHAPTER FIVE:    Summary, Discussion of Findings, Implications, Recommendations, Suggestions for Further

Research and Conclusion                                    50

 

Summary of Findings                                                                            50

Discussion of Findings                                                                          51

Implication of Results                                                                           59

Recommendations                                                                                60

Suggestion for Further Studies                                                               63

Conclusion                                                                                          63

 

References                                                                                          65

Appendix                                                                                            68

 

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

Introduction/Background to the Study 

The predominant means of instruction has traditionally been through verbal medium, either as spoken lecture or written text. As more instructional resources of many different media types become available to students, especially the full-time ones through the internet, there is a need for educators to understand when these sources may be used effectively for instruction, as well as a need for students to develop an additional set of literacy skills in order to learn from these sources (Anyakoha, 1990).

Tyner (2000) argued that in the information age, the concept of literacy has been simultaneously broadened and splintered into many literacies in part because “the all purpose word literacy seems hopelessly anachronistic, tainted with the nostalgic ghost of a fleeting industrial age. The term information communication technology is among several terms that have been associated with literacy to emphasize that literacy extends beyond reading and writing the alphabetic codes, and should include a variety of audio-visual forms of representation. Associating information communication technology with the literacy also highlights a belief among many scholars and educators that conceptions of literacy or studentship and how it is developed should not focus exclusively on printed materials but should include electronic media that have moved into the mainstream of communication especially at the end of the twentieth century.

Implicit in these views is that research and practice related to literacy must be transformed to accommodate new ways of accessing, process and using information by students generally by and the full-time students in particular (Aaron, 1997).

Information encompasses a wide range variety of things ranging from oral and printed words, figures, statements, files and documents to such intangible elements as sound signals, rays and waves. Whatever the form information takes, the essence of information is that it conveys messages.

UNESCO (1979), defined information simply as “set of data recorded in a methodical manner” which includes: any item of knowledge capable of facilitating the operation of a system; and any numerical or alpha-numerical quantity processed by the machine, the aggregate of information constitutes the data and results of a problem.

According to (Adamson, 1998), claims the term information technology refers to the application of scientific knowledge. Information communication technology , therefore can be defined as the acquisition, processing, storage and dissemination of vocal, pictoral, textual and numerical information by a micro-based combination of computing and telecommunication.

Telecommunication is a special kind of communication in which information is conveyed over a long distance. Information communication technology (ICT) also refers to the more efficient and effective way of storing, accessing and updating information than processes involving paper.

In the recent time, full-time students, most especially, have benefited from the use of information communication technology (ICT) such as computer, television, telephone and the internet as a veritable sources of information in their academic career or pursuit.

Uzoma (1999), full-time students, most adolescents use the information communication technology especially the internet to gather vital educational information or materials, register their courses of study, check their results of JAMB, NECO, GCE, POST UME etc.

Onuoha (2000), posited that the advent of information technology has made education more simple and easy for students especially, the adolescents in the full-time studies in our school system. Onuoha claimed that information communication technology has helped students in many ways such as project writing and collection of necessary information leading to effective studies.

He further stated that information communication technology has created a remarkable balance and effectiveness in the daily activities of students mostly the full-time students who are in the habits of using the computer and the internets to carry out faster storage and retrieval of information in the academic environment or school.

As Adelekunnu (1994) puts it, the training given to children in order to help them meet the demands of the society in which they live is called socialization. According to him, information communication technology (ICT) can be used to assist students to get along with others, achieving self-reliance and educational success. Also, it can help them to achieve professional success and to adhere to societal values and norms. With information technology, students achieve high academic laurels in school.

Statement of the Problem

Information communication technology as an effective means of storing, accessing, retrieving or collecting vital information is often times used by full-time students to carry out their educational activities. With the advent of information technology, students access information that lead them to successful academic and professional achievement. Nevertheless, information communication technology seems to have corrupt students, especially, the adolescents in their formative ages who are in full-time studies. For instance, students are often seen glued for hours to the television and the internet watching or viewing pornographic films or pictures that are capable of bending their minds and distorting their dispositions. Studies have shown (Asobie et al., 1995), that students who browse the internets often are more corrupt than those who do not.

Students who use the internet often or watch the television involved in sexual promiscuity, examination malpractices, stealing and other vices or indisciplines that are always carried out in the school.

In recent times, many students have been caught using Global System Mobile Network (GSM) phones to carry out or perpetrate examination malpractices; to connect friends and associates in crimes.

Both adults and students are found to use the GSM phones to tell assorted kinds of lies and deceit in the larger society and this has made corruption to be well rooted in the society in which we live. The more advanced manner in which television programmes are aired and commendable, but many of the programmes show very bad and aggressive films and the children watch them after which they start acting what they have seen and this has affected the child’s psyche negatively.

Purpose of the Study

The major purpose of this study is to carry out an investigation on the full-time studentship and information communication technology utilization.

The objectives of the study include to:

1.            Examine whether information communication technology has influence on full-time students’ behaviour.

2.            Assess whether there is a significant relationship between information communication technology and students’ academic achievements.

3.            Determine whether there is relationship between ICT utilization and students’ overall academic performance in schools.

4.            Evaluate whether students’ perception of information communication technology differ from their teachers’.

5.            Assess whether full-time students utilize ICT often than the part-time students.

6.            Evaluate the socio-economic status of students who often use information communication technology in their educational career.

7.            Determine whether there is gender difference in the use of ICT among full-time students.

Research Questions

The following research questions were raised in this study:

1.            To what extent can the influence of information communication technology on students’ learning behaviour be examined?

2.            Is there any relationship between information communication technology and students’ academic achievement?

3.            Will there be any significant relationship between information communication technology and students’ study habit?

4.            Will the perception of students on information communication technology differ from that of their teachers?

5.            Do full-time students use information communication technology more often than their counterparts in part-time studies?

6.            Do students from high socio-economic homes use ICT often than their counterparts from low-socio-economic homes?

7.            Is there any gender difference in use of information communication technology among full-time students?

Research Hypotheses

The undermentioned hypotheses would be tested in this study.

1.            There will be no significant relationship between information communication technology and students’ learning behaviour.

2.            There will be no significant relationship between information communication technology and students academic achievement.

3.            There will be no significant difference between the perception of students on information communication technology from that of their  teachers.

Significance of the Study

This study will be beneficial to the following:

Students: Students will benefit from the findings and recommendations of this study because it help them to be able to be more aware of the information communication technology in the school. This study will enable students to get more involved in the utilization of information communication technology due to the benefits derivable from it.

Teachers: They will find this study beneficial because with the findings and recommendations of this study, teachers would avail themselves of the opportunity to get involved in the use of information communication technology because of the numerous benefits that can be derived from it. With the study also, information communication technology and their functions.

Family: Parents would benefit from this study because it will enable them to know the benefits their children/wards derived from using the information communication technology in their academic work or activities. Parents themselves, will avail themselves of the opportunity of knowing the importance of information communication technology through this study and those who do not use information communication technology would start to use it as it is beneficial to all human activities.

The School Authority: This will assist the school authority to be able to know more about information communication technology and its functions especially in the life of the full-time student. The recommendations of this study will enable the school authority to expand its policy on the availability and usage of information communication technology in the school system in Nigeria.

The Society: The society will benefit from this study, because it will assist the society to be information communication technology friendly due to the advantages it has. This study will afford the society to know more about information communication technology and its functions in the world today.

Scope of the Study

This study will cover the investigation into full-time studentship and information communication technology utilization at University of Lagos, Akoka, Lagos.

Definition of Terms

Operational terms were defined in this study thus:

Information technology – This refers to the application of scientific knowledge. Information communication technology is the acquisition, processing, storage and dissemination of vocal, pictoal, textual and numerical information by a micro-based combination of computing and telecommunication, Asiobie, (1989).

Full-time Studenship – This refers to students who are involved in full-time studies. Students who were admitted through Joint Admission and Matriculation Board (JAMB).

Utilization – Putting something in use or utilizing.

Assessment – This refers to the act of assessing, the values of amount at which something is calculated, a judgment or opinion.

Evaluation – To calculate the value or degree of.

Accessible – This refers to get or get into, to or at. Easily persuaded or influenced.

Acquisition – The act of acquiring something or someone.

Message – A broken or written piece of information passed from one person to another; the important or central idea etc.

 

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