IMPACT OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT IN A DEVELOPING ECONOMY (A Case Study of Bendel Supermarket, Auchi Edo State)


Content

ABSTRACT

This study examines the impact of entrepreneurship development in a developing economy like Nigeria. It is the contention of this research that entrepreneurship plays important role for moderate standard of living and job creation to help the Nigeria industrial workers. The data for this study are collected through the questionnaires, interview and secondary method, however it is discussed extensively the background information to the study, and it presents status and projection into the future, the statement of problems, objective, scope, significance and the benefits of the study. In this research, an examination is made on the relevant and related literature review and the research methodology used for the study. The hypotheses in this field were tested with the chi square statistics. A were look and critical study is made in the analysis presentation and interpretation of data collected through questionnaires, oral interview and discussion with management staff. Finally, the findings of the study such recommendations like the government should create an enabling environment for the operation and survival of small scale enterprise in Nigeria and the government should grant incentives to small scale business to boast their operation.


TABLE OF CONTENT

Title page……………………………………………………….         i

Certification…………………………………………………….         ii

Dedication ……………………………………………………..          iii

Acknowledgement ……………………………………………. iv

Table of content………………………………………………. Vi

Abstract……………………………………………………….. v

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1             Background to the study…………........…………………      1

1.2             Statement of the problem……………….......………… 4

1.3             Research Questions…………………………......…….. 5

1.4            Objective of the study……………………….......………         5

1.5            Statement of  Hypotheses……………………………......        6

1.6             Scope of the Study……………………………….......…         6

1.7             Significance of the Study……………………........…….         7

1.8             Limitation of the Study………………………….......…..       8

1.9             Operational Definition of Terms…………..................…       9

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1     Entrepreneurship Development.......................................       11

2.2     The Impact of Entrepreneurship Development on

Nigeria Economy...........................................................          13

2.3     The Contribution of Entrepreneurship Development to

          the Development of Nation............................................         14

2.4     Causes of Entrepreneurship Failure............................. 17

2.5     Common Features of Entrepreneurs............................  19

2.6     Objective of Entrepreneurship...................................... 20

CHAPTER THREE: LITURATURE REVIEW

3.1     Research Design.........…………………………………  21

3.2     Population of the study…………………………………         21

3.3     Sample/Sampling Techniques  …………………………         22

3.4     Instrumentation.................………………………………        22

3.5     Method of Data Analysis…………………………….…          23

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION  ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION

4.1     Data Presentation ………………………………..……..          24

4.2     Data Analysis …………………………………….…… 25

4.3     Test of Hypothesis …………………………………….. 28

4.3     Discussion of  Findings………………………………    34

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1     Summary…………………………………………………        36

5.2     Conclusion……………………………………………… 36

5.3     Recommendations……………………………………… 37

Reference

Appendix

 

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

 INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background to the Study

Entrepreneurship practice in Nigeria predates the era of translate slave trade. This is based on the belief that no manor community is completely self sufficiency; one may have certain commodity or skills which other do not have. For instance, one community may have a river full of fish, the other a forest filled with animals thus they make an exchange, meat for fish.

With further development, there was need to fix certain days for trading and gradually, some persons who lack the skills of production made it appoint of duty to specialize in buying from the producer who may be too busy to convey their goods from one place to another and those in need of such items

In the past entrepreneurs in Africa were men and women of modest education and little management skills, however, through hard work and determination, the surmounted the hurdles placed on their was by the colonialist and competed successfully with Indians, Lebanese and other foreign forms. Today, Nigerians are better educated with more exposed to modern technology and many have acquired respectable managerial experience.

The role of entrepreneurship in economic development more than just increasing change in per capital output and income, it involves initiating and constituting change in the structure of business and society. This is accompanied by growth and increasing in output, which allows more wealth to be divided by the various participants. Therefore this project, the impact of entrepreneurship development in a developing economy using delta state as a case study (some selected business) is aimed at finding out the contribution of small scale enterprises to the economic growth and development of our country Nigeria.

According to Face and Scothmore (1990), the process of entrepreneurship is recognizes as being at the heart of any economic development task and driven by the motivation of individuals, who are seeking to satisfy their personal and economic development is to create opportunities for personal fulfilment through economic activities. This implies that, the policy-makers and entrepreneurs in order to achieve economic reward and property.

The present situation of our economic (Nigeria) when compare with what was obtains decade ago, gives an indication that Nigeria is fast developing economically among other things, creation of employment opportunities create condition which prove to be helpful in reducing the gap between rich and poor. More so, entrepreneurship development has contributed immensely to our economy by increasing local value, technological advancement, and gross domestic product and nearer resources to the people.

This is more reason why government should out into consideration the above topic in formation of new policy and new national low will allow the easy running of small scale enterprise. It is knowledgeable that Nigeria expanding commercially, agriculturally and industrially and many Nigerian students want to be actively involved in business rather than passive observers, it is therefore necessary that a study of the structure of small scale industries should begin with some introductory remark on the appeal of economic development as a necessary ingredient to economic policy in developing countries which ours is not an exception.

Chel (1991) concluded that there has been a gradual increase in awareness of the role of entrepreneurs in economic growth, various approaches being used to explain motivations.

Form the forgoing it is clear that the entrepreneurship development is an economic agent both born and made represent an enlightening perspective of a country, entrepreneurs are generally committed and determined with the qualities to survive, which represent a positive approach to development in part with high level of self confidence therefore they can survive, grow and expand our economy in Nigeria, if government can create an enabling environment for their operations. It should be noted that in many developing countries entrepreneurship development by and large has become synonymous with economic growth and the reasons are not farfetched.

Indigenous ownership and control in strategic industries are essential in order to maximize local relation of profit, increase the net contribution of the national economy. Entrepreneurship development has the potential of achieving independence autonomy through one’s own effort. The second desirable virtue of generating employment for oneself and other both educated and uneducated, is to allow free enterprise to flourish, competitive and perceive the local needs and provide the opportunities for the creation of new ideas for economic growth and development, in other words, it is seen as say of life that enable people to take advantage of their own efforts.

1.2     Statement of the Problem

Individual have on their own responded to the new employment pattern by taking personal control of their career through entrepreneurship.    Through entrepreneurship the individuals or society is fighting for employment opportunities. The problem here is to find out how the individual or society has developed through entrepreneurship. In view of this, students want to look at the impact of entrepreneurship development in a developing economy.

1.3     Research Questions

          Research question is transform into the following:

1.     Is the development of entrepreneurship important to a nation?

2.     How has entrepreneurship development increased the growth of a developing economy?

3.     Why the government is at all levels not paying much attention to entrepreneurship development?

4.     What are the entrepreneur’s possible challenges in the development of a nation?

5.     Does entrepreneurship development contribute to a developing nation?

1.4     Objective of the Study

Nigeria is blessed with great natural and human resources. Yet on the whole her achievement in economic sphere can be regarded as modest. It can be better if there is a clear marked contract between poverty and potential endowment in Nigeria unfortunately this is the pattern throughout the whole Africa, striking contract between economic background and potentials for wealth.

Specific Objective

          The specific objectives of this research work are as follows:

1.                 To study the importance of entrepreneurship development in a developing economy like Nigeria.

2.                 To look at its possible contribution to the general economy.

3.                 To look at the problems confronting entrepreneurs in Nigeria.

4.                 To suggest possible solution to such problems confronting the entrepreneurship development in Nigeria.

5.                 To broaden people’s knowledge in their area of entrepreneurship development in Nigeria and the possible benefit of entrepreneurship skill.

1.5     Statement of  Hypotheses

To achieve the objective of this research work, the following hypothesis were formulated

(1)             Entrepreneurship development is not important to a nation.

(2)             Entrepreneurship development cannot increase the growth of a developing nation.

(3)             The government at all levels does not pay much attention to entrepreneurship development on to entrepreneurship development.

(4)             Entrepreneurship development does not contribute to a development nation.

1.6     Scope of the Study

This research work impart of entrepreneurship development in Nigeria economic will be restricted to Edo state (some selected business). It is however important that a research of this nature should conduct adequate coverage of all small scale business in Edo state and even other state to find out the general contribution of entrepreneurship development.

Therefore, the reason for restricting this research investigation to some selected enterprise in delta state is because delta state like every other state in the federation has contributed to the growth of entrepreneurship development in Nigeria.

          The specific areas covered in this research study are:

1.     Creation of employment opportunities.

2.     Rural development and growth.

3.     Encourage indigenous entrepreneurship.

4.     Contribution of value added.

5.     Utilization of local raw materials.

6.     Channel of trading.

1.7     Significance of the Study

The significance of entrepreneurship development in a developing economy cannot be over- emphasized both in general and to academics. It involves more than just increasing per capital income or output, it involves initiating and constituting change in the structure of businesses and society. This change is accompanied by growth and increased output, which allows more wealth to be divided by various participants.

Entrepreneurship development assists in revitalizing areas of the inner city; individuals in inner city area can relate to the concept and see the possibility for changing their present situations.

1.8     Limitation of the Study

          Number Of Factors Militates Against This Study.

Inadequate Co-operation: The co-operation of respondents were inadequate, the problem here were inadequate, the here were encountered by the researchers visit to some of the selected business, they either tell him the manager owner is not around or call back again for the fact the wants or cannot attend to him when he is busy. While in some other cases, was where the general citizen deliberately refused to attend to the questionnaire therefore, making the exercise uninteresting and difficult.

Time Factors: Time was also a great problem faced by the researcher. This project was combined with the academic activities and thus made it quite difficult for the researcher to devote enough in travelling to collect data and other materials that were necessary for thee research.

Finally, educational background also posed a problem to the study, as most of the respondents possessed only the elementary educational qualification, as side they could not respond to technical questions presented to them adequately.

With the above, future researchers would find much easier if these problem are taken into consideration with a view of finding prior solution to them.

1.9     Operational Definition of Terms    

          To enhance the reading and understanding of this study, the following terms have been functionally defined as follows.

Entrepreneur: According ILO, entrepreneurs are people who have the ability to see and evaluate business opportunities to gather the necessary resources and to take advantage of them and initiate appropriate action to ensure success.

Entrepreneurship: Hisrich, Peter and Shepherd (2008) defined entrepreneur as the process of creating something new with value by devoting the necessary time and effort assuming the accompanying financial, psychic and social risks and receiving the resulting reward of monetary and personal satisfaction and independence.

Small Scale Enterprise: Ekpenyong (1969) defined small scale enterprise as those enterprise that have relatively little capital investment, that produce in small quantities and as a result control a small share of the market, that employ not more than fifty (50), workers and  in which management, marketing and entrepreneurial function are vested in the proprietor.

 

Development: This can be seen as the state of improving expanding or enlarging refining, it can also be seen as a process in which something passes by degree to a different place especially a more advanced or mature stage. Finally, it is a state at which things are improving.

Developing Economy:  According to Craven (1984), developing economy means the increase in value of an economy, ie, increase in output. It is physical movement of economic workforce for the enlistment of a nation, in other words, it is centred on productivities, technical progress, fallen unemployment, firms buying new equipment and force becoming better educated.

 

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