LEARNING ENVIRONMENT AND STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS


Content

ABSTRACT

This research work centered on the influence of learning environment on the academic performance of students in public junior secondary school in Ojo local government area. This study was aimed at finding how learning environment has an impact on academic performance on students. The researcher made effort to review books, journals and other materials relating to the different headings incorporated in the literature review. The study population for this study composed of 80 students in four public secondary schools in ojo local government area, Lagos state. The instrument used to collect data for this study was questionnaire. Te data was analyzed through SPSS computer package. The result obtained indicate that a significant relationship exist between learning environment and academic performance.

 
 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CONTENTS                                                                             PAGES

Title page                                                                                           i

Certification                                                                                                ii       

Dedication                                                                                         iii

Acknowledgement                                                                             iv      

Abstract                                                                                             v

Table of Content                                                                                vi

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background to the Study                                                        1

1.2     Statement of the Problem                                                        4

1.3     Purpose of the Study                                                               5

1.4     Research Questions                                                                 5

1.5     Research Hypotheses                                                               6

1.6     Significance of the Study                                                         6

1.7     Scope of the Study                                                                   7

1.8     Limitation of the Study                                                            7

1.9     Definition of Term                                                                    8

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1     Introduction                                                                            10

2.1.1  Learning                                                                                  10

2.1.2 The Learning Environment, Learning Processes                       13

 and Learning   Outcomes (LEPO)                                            18

2.2     Learning Environment And Students Academic

Performance                                                                             24

2.3     Learning Environment And Gender                                         36

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.0     Introduction                                                                            37

3.1     The Research Design                                                               37

3.2     Population of the Study                                                           38

3.3     Sample and Sampling Technique                                            39

3.4     Research Instrument                                                               39

3.5     Validity of the Instrument                                                        40

3.6     Reliability of the Instrument                                                   40

3.7     Method of Data Collection                                                       40

3.8     Method of Data Analysis                                                          41

 

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION

 

4.1     Introduction                                                                            42

4.2     Analysis of Respondents’ Bio data                                           42

4.3     Analysis of the Questionnaire                                                  43

4.4     Hypotheses Testing                                                                  51

4.5     Findings                                                                                  54

4.6     Discussion of Findings                                                            54

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

5.1     Summary                                                                                 56

5.2     Conclusion                                                                              57

5.3     Recommendation                                                                     57

          References

          Questionnaires

 

 

 
 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1   Background to the Study

The learning environment, which include the classrooms, libraries, technical workshops, laboratories, teachers’ quality, school management, teaching methods, peers, etc are variables that affect students’ academic achievement (Ajayi, 2001 and Oluchukwu, 2000). Hence, the learning environment remains an important area that should be studied and well managed to enhance students’ academic performance.

The issue of poor academic performance of students in Nigeria has been of much concern to the government, parents, teachers and even student themselves. The quality of education not only depends on the teachers as reflected in the performance of their duties, but also in the effective coordination of the learning environment (Ajao 2001) learning environment which include instructional spaces planning, administrative places planning, circulation spaces planning, spaces for conveniences planning, accessories planning, the teachers as well as the students themselves are essential in teaching-learning process. The extent to which student learning could be enhanced depends on their location within the school compound, the structure of their classroom, availability of instructional facilities and accessories. It is believed that a well planned school will gear up expected outcomes of education that will facilitate good social, political and economic emancipation, effective teaching and learning process and academic performance of the students.

Relating this study to international occurrences are the assertions of Williams, Persaud, and Turner (2008), quoting Marsden (2005), which reported that safe and orderly classroom environment (aspect of instructional space), School facilities (accessories) were significantly related to students’ academic performance in schools. The three researchers, also quoted Glassman (1994), asserting that a comfortable and caring environment among other treatments helped to contribute to students` academic performance.

The physical characteristics of the school have a variety of effects on teachers, students, and the learning process. Poor lighting, noise, high levels of carbon dioxide in classrooms, and inconsistent temperatures make teaching and learning difficult. Poor maintenance and ineffective ventilation systems lead to poor health among students as well as teachers, which leads to poor performance and higher absentee rates (Frazier, 2002)

Lyons, 2001; and Ostendorf, 2001). These factors can adversely affect student behavior and lead to higher levels of frustration among teachers, and poor learning attitude among student. Beyond the direct effects that poor facilities have on students’ ability to learn, the combination of poor facilities, which create an uncomfortable and uninviting workplace for teachers, combined with frustrating behavior by students including poor concentration and hyperactivity, lethargy, or apathy, creates a stressful set of working conditions for teachers. Because stress and job dissatisfaction are common pre-cursors to lowered teacher enthusiasm, it is possible that the aforementioned characteristics of school facilities have an effect upon the academic performance of students.

Previous studies have investigated the relationship of poor learning environment including problems with student-teacher ratio, school location, school population, classroom ventilation, poor lighting in classrooms, and inconsistent temperatures in the classroom with student health problems, student behavior, and student achievement (Crandell & Smaldino, 2000; Davis, 2001; Johnson, 2001; Lyons, 2001;Moore, 2002;

Stricherz, 2000; Tanner, 2000). To complement these studies, the present research is to examine the aforementioned areas of learning environment as it affects student’s performance in Nigerian schools.

1.2   Statement of the Problem

A student faces a lot of problem in the course of his educational pursuit. These problems are multifaceted. The research is concerned with the influence of the learning environment with special reference to student’s academic attainment and possible solution to the problem. The alarming poor performance in examination is definitely of great concern to the researcher who sees the study as inevitable.

It is noted that students’ performance at junior secondary school level at private and public schools differs due to environmental constraints.

The high levels of students’ academic performance may not be guaranteed where instructional space such as classrooms, libraries, technical workshops and laboratories are structurally defective. However, little is known on the impact of learning environment on students’ academic performance in junior secondary school in Ojo Local government area of Lagos State.

1.3   Purpose of the Study

The purpose of this study is to:

1.     Find out the effect of the learning environment on the students’ academic performance

2.     Examine the reasons for students’ poor performance.

3.     Find out the effect of the learning environment of student on the academic performance of junior secondary school students.

1.4   Research Questions

This research work would also investigate to know the possible solution to the problem. The research would equally pay attention to the family’s financial status. Consequently, the following questions is asked.

1.     Is there any relationship between school environment and the

student academic performance?

2.     To what extent do school facilities affect students’ academic performance in secondary school?

3.     What effect does class size has on the academic performance of students in secondary school?

4.     To what extent does school location has on the achievement of

secondary school students?

1.5   Research Hypotheses

The following hypothesis is stated for work.

H1: There is no significant difference between school environment and the students’ academic performance

H2:  There is no significant difference between school facilities and academic performance of students

H3: There is no significant difference between class size and academic performance of students

H4: There is no significant difference between school location and academic performance of students

 

1.6   Significance of the Study

It is hoped that this study would provide information for parents, educators and school administrators to reflect upon various factors that help students in achieving their academic goals. In so doing, they can investigate the possibility of introducing those factors to their school, which may consequently lead to enhancing students’ educational outcomes in school. In addition, the fact that this study is conducted in public schools, it shares quite a lot of similarities with many other counterparts.

In this connection, this study provides a valuable reference for other schools to reflect upon the school environment as it affect the academic performance of student in secondary school.

Also, this work would serve as a stepping stone to other researchers, who are looking for better ways to solve the problem of learning environment and students’ academic performance in junior secondary school in business study, a case study of selected Junior Secondary schools in Ojo Local Government Area of Lagos State.

 

1.7   Scope of the Study

The scope of this work is to cover four selected schools under Ojo Local Government Area.

They are:

1.          Awori College, Ojo

2.           Ajangbadi High School, Ajangbadi

3.          Lagos model college, Ojo.

4.           Ojo Community High School, ojo

The subjects of this study are junior school.

It is hoped that the findings made in these areas would serve as a useful pointer to what occurs in other areas of the state and in other part of the federation knowing fully well that students encounter different environmental constraint.

1.8   Limitation of the Study

This study is limited to four junior secondary schools within Ojo Local Government due to the following factors:

i.            Inadequate finance.

ii.          Time constraint.

iii.        Administrative convenience of the schools.

iv.         The risk of transportation.

1.9   Definition of Term

ACADEMY:               A school or college for special training.

STUDENT:               The word “Student” means any person who is ready to learn and engage in learning activities.

ENVIRONMENT:      Environment can be seen as the totality of the natural and artificial (man made) phenomenon having direct and

LEARNING:              Learning is basically a process of adapting to and improving the environment. What is learned can be measured either by those things that we observe in the behaviour of the individual.

PERFORMANCE:     Is the act of performing a play, concert or some other form of entertainment.


 

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