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PERCEPTION OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION TEACHERS ON THE PLANNING AND ORGANIZING EXTRA – MURAL SPORTS AND GAMES (A Case Study of Some Selected Primary Schools in Mushin Local Government Area of Lagos State)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the attitude of physical education teachers towards their understanding in planning strategies in organizing extra-mural competitions. The significance of the study was to educate the people on the importance of planning towards the organization of a successful extra-mural sports and games competitions. It also highlights the problems of effective planning in sports. The study intends to inculcate in physical education teachers, sports managers, organizing secretaries, coaches and athletes the process of planning in sports organizations. A total of one hundred (100) copies of questionnaires were administered and collected back from the respondents. Each copy of the questionnaire form consisted of twelve (12) statements. The subjects for the study were drawn from Mushin Local Education District. These were mainly primary school male, female; ceremonial sport teachers, in all the five schools in
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page i
Table of Contents vii
1.1 Introduction 1
1.2 Background of the Problem 2
1.3 Statement of the Problem 4
1.4 Purpose of the Study 4
1.5 Significance of the Study 5
1.6 Assumptions 5
1.7 Delimitation 6
1.8 Limitation of the Study 7
Chapter Two The Review of Related Literature
2.1 Introduction 8
2.2 Planning and the Organization 9
2.3 Principles of Extra-Mural Sports 11
2.4 Definition of Planning 13
2.5 Purpose of Good Planning in the Organization
of Sport 15
2.6 Factors that Affect Planning 16
2.7 Process of Planning 18
2.8 Principles of Good Planning 20
2.9 Levels of Planning 21
2.10 Implications of Poor Planning 22
2.11 Administrative Duties of a Physical Education
Teacher in the Organization of Sport Programme 28
2.12 Experts View and the Subject of Research in the
Area of Study 32
Chapter Three Methodology
3.1 Introduction 35
3.2 Research Design 35
3.3 Population Sample 36
3.4 Procedure for Collection Data 37
3.5 Procedure for Data Analysis 37
Chapter Four Data Analysis and Discussion
4.1 Introduction 38
Chapter Five Summary, Discussion and Recommendation
5.1 Introduction 44
5.2 Summary of the Findings 44
5.3 Discussion 45
5.4 Recommendation 49
Most often than not, many planners fail, because they fail to plan, so, it is not an under statements; to say than the success of many human endeavours depend largely on sound planning particularly in an organized programme such as extra-mural sports and games which is susceptible to immediate evaluation of its objectives.
The objectives of extra-mural sports have been acclaimed by many experts in terms of its benefits to the growing school age child, therefore, it stands to research on to say that aloudable extra – mural progamme cannot make the child any good if proper planning did not form a fundamental part of the programme. It is on this premises that this research is based.
For the purpose of convenient research reporting, therefore, the report shall be written under five chapters which will comprises of “The Problem” “The Review of Related Literature” “Methodology of Research” “Data Analysis” and “Finding and Recommendations”.
1.2 BACKGROUND OF THE PROBLEM
Poor planning has been identified by many experts and even non-experts as a strong bane to sport developments in
For instance, it is a common knowledge that about eighty (80%) percent of primary schools in Lagos State cannot boast of a very large space within the schools compound for a general recreational purposes and sports in particular.
Furthermore, many primary schools have no seasoned physical education teachers, many school have ceremonial sport teachers who are interested mainly in conducting annual school inter-house sport because of materials gains that are likely to accrue from such sports Jamboree.
The resultant effects usually experienced after such sport competition was usually no traces of positive advantages to the school children but manifestation of various planning inadequacies during the conduct of such sport programme.
Such ceremonial sport teachers have expressed satisfaction at the end such sports programme while many others have criticized the poorly planned extra – mural sport because of obvious poor administrative strategies glaringly evidenced during the conduct of such sport programme. Suffice at this juncture, therefore to list some of noticeable administrative problems that are prominent in a poorly organized sport programme.
These include violence and hooliganism which could result from lack of adequate provision for security; preventable injuries to players and supporters resulting from defective sports facilities and equipments.
Furthermore, there could be problem of poor public relation which could be consequent upon inadequate funding or total neglect by the organizers of the programme.
Also, there could be problems of staffing, improper co-ordination, misinformation, under budgeting and general administrative problems.
From the glaring administrative lags usually evidenced in planning extra-mural sports and games in our primary schools. One is of the opinion that many of such ceremonial sport teachers have no clear knowledge of the concept of planning extra-mural sports and games.
It is against this background that this researcher wants to investigate the perception of planning as a concept in organizing extra-mural sports and games in schools and colleges in
1.3 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
It is a recognized fact that inadequate planning of extra-mural sports was common feature in our schools. What is not clear is whether the sport-teacher have a clear perception of planning as a concept.
1.4 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The role of planning in the organization of extra-mural sports cannot be over-emphasised. However, it is disheartening to note that physical education teachers and other personnel saddled with the responsibilities of organizing such competitions have always shown shallow knowledge of the roles played by the concept “planning” towards achieving the stated goals for such competitions.
The purpose of the study therefore is to investigate the attitudes of physical education teachers towards the understanding of planning strategies in organizing-extra-mural competitions.
Furthermore, the research study is to determine the benefits of effective planning on the performance of athletes in extra-mural sports.
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The result of this study will educate the people on the importance of planning towards the organization of a successful extra-mural sports competition. It will also highlight the problems of effective planning in sports.
Moreso, it will educate physical education teachers, sports managers, organizing secretaries, coaches, athletes and players on the process of planning, the study will also creates awareness for proper planning as an essential ingredients for improved performances in sports.
Apart from all these, the report shall serve as reference material for further studies in this area.
For the purpose of this study, the following statements of assumptions are made:
1. The games masters/physical education teacher do not monopolise the running of extra-mural activities in the schools.
2. That there are no adequate facilities and equipment for extra-mural sports and games activities in schools.
3. That the games masters/ physical education teachers have no adequate knowledge of planning extra-mural sport and games.
This study was delimited to Mushin Local Government Education District in
However, because of high number of schools in the Education District Area under investigation; some selected schools (10) ten in number were used for the study. The school includes:
1. Ayelabowo Nur/Pry School, Idi Oro,
Furthermore, one hundred (100) subjects were used as samples for the study (2) two ceremonial sport teacher and (2) two physical education trained teacher, head teacher and other classroom teachers were randomly selected in each school without bias and regardless of sex, age and other barriers.
1.8 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
During the course of this study some problems were encountered. These include:
The lack of inadequate textbooks, for the review of related literature. Also the researcher found it difficult to retrieve some of the questionnaires from the respondents.