PROVISION AND UTILIZATION OF SPORTS FACILITIES AS DETERMINANTS OF SUCCESS IN SOME SELECTED COMPETITIVE SPORTS.


Content

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to examine the provision and utilization of sports facilities as determinants of success in some selected competitive sports. The study contains five chapters; each chapter of this study work contains necessary information. Chapter one of the study examined the introductory part, statement of the problem, purpose of the study, research questions, research hypotheses, delimitation, limitation, scope and significance of the study. In chapter two, relate and relevant topics to the study were reviewed. Chapter three was written to discuss the methods and procedures adopted in the course of conducting the study. A self developed and structured questionnaire was administered to a total of one hundred and fifty respondents and they were selected through the simple random sampling technique and the stratified random sampling technique for the study.

Chapter four was written to present the data source through the use of questionnaire for analysis and hypotheses testing and the four (4) point likert scale of summation rating of strongly agree, agree, Disagree and strongly disagree was adopted as options to the items. While the hypotheses were tested using the inferential statistics of chi-square (X2) statistics at a 0.05 level of significance. Chapter five includes summary, conclusion and recommendations.

The following recommendations were made

i.                    Sports facility as a permanent variable in this study should be provided and the available ones be utilized maximally for success in sports performance.

ii.                  Adequate measures should be taken against vandalization and poor maintenance of public sports facilities.

iii.                Enough attention should be given to sports ministry by the government for timely release of fund mid tangible budgetary allocation.

The findings showed that sports facilities and equipments will have a significant effect  in determining success in some selected competitive sports.

 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title                                                                                                                             page

Certification                                                                                                                ii

Dedication                                                                                                                  iii

Acknowledgement                                                                                                      iv

Abstract                                                                                                                      v

Table of content                                                                                                          vi

 

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

Background to the Study                                                                                           1

Statement of the Problem                                                                                           2

Purpose of the Study                                                                                                  3

Research Questions                                                                                                     3

Hypotheses                                                                                                                 3

Significance of Study                                                                                                 4

Delimitation of Study                                                                                                 4

Limitation of the Study                                                                                              4

Operational Definition of Terms                                                                                 5

 

 

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

Definition and Classification of Sports Facilities                                                       6

Provision and Availability of Modern Sports Facilities-Private and Public              

The importance and Contribution of Facility in Sports Development                        10

Utilization of Available Sports Facilities: Facility Features                                       14

Types of Sporting Facilities                                                                                        19

Planning of Sports Facilities                                                                                       23

Sports Management                                                                                                    32

Maintenance                                                                                                                36

CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY

Research Method                                                                                                        38

Population of the Study                                                                                              39

Sample and Sampling Technique                                                                                39

Research Instrument                                                                                                   40

Validity and Reliability of the Instrument                                                                 40

Procedure for Data Collection                                                                                    41

Procedure for Data Analysis                                                                                       41

Pilot study                                                                                                                   41

 

 

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS

Data presentation                                                                                                        42

Data analysis                                                                                                                                                        45

Discussion of Finding                                                                                                 64

 

 

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

Summary                                                                                                                                                                                                                         67

Conclusion                                                                                                                    68

Recommendations                                                                                                                                             69

References                                                                                                                  70

Appendix                                                                                                                    74

 

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background to the Study

In recent years, we have become more increasingly conscious of our health and well – being. A large body of scientific evidence demonstrates that physical exercise can play a beneficial role in maintaining or enhancing one’s physical and mental health. Therefore participation in competitive sports is certainly one of the most popular activities in the world today. It is interesting to note, however, that Nigerians both male and female, young and old are increasing their levels of physical activities at a greater rate and more talents are being discovered in local and international competitions.

For participation in sports, games and recreation to grow further in Nigeria, Facilities should be provided and brought as close as possible to the residential areas in the neighbourhood. Facilities and equipment should be provided for participation in a wide variety of sports, games and recreation. There should be provision of sufficient indoor and outdoor facilities in both rural and urban communities in Nigeria. Provision of facilities and equipment has been considered as one of the basic consideration in the development of sports in Nigeria.

There is abundant evidence that this country has potential sportsmen and women who can be as good as their counter parts in overseas. This is exemplified in the performance of Nigeria athletes in boxing, basketball, football, weightlifting and field and track athletics, to mention just a few.

Ikulayo, (2005) in one of her papers highlighted seven ways by which the foreign – based athletes performed better in their chosen sports viz:

Ø    The competitive pressure placed on them.

Ø    Frequency of training.

Ø    Monitored performance.

Ø    Opportunity of expert coaching based on scientific approach.

Ø    The nature of rewards and incentives (mainly Scholarship).

Ø    Availability of facilities and equipment.

Ø    Conducive atmosphere for both academic and sports excellence.

Statement of the Problem

In an overview, contemporary sports in general have become a potent economic, social and political instrument used by various countries to improve their global image and boost their status. At the national level, there is a sharp contrast in the development of sports amongst states and these trends have been the course of sport under development at the grass root level.

Institutional sports have remained redundant as no effort or plan is been made to develop the child, the adolescent and the adult through the provision and utilization of sports facilities. Facilities and equipment are relatively costly to purchase and most educational institutions cannot meet the recreational needs of their pupils and students due to inadequacy of facilities and equipment. Hence promotion of various sporting activities has become difficult.

The problem of the research therefore was to find out what will be the effect of the provision, adequacy and stability of modern sports facilities and equipment have on the performance of  the athletes (sportsmen and women), and also to find out the usability of the available sports facilities and equipment.

Purpose of the Study

The purpose of this study was to find out how provision of sports facilities act as determinants of success in sports.

It will also find out the nature and the standard of the available facilities.

The study will equally investigate other determinants of success in sports.

Research Questions

1.   Will provision of sporting facilities equipment improve performance?

2.   Will modern sports facilities enhance performance?

3.   Will the utilization of the available sports facilities have anything to do with success in sports?

4.   Will the standard and condition of the available sports facilities enhance sport performance?

5.   Are the available facilities utilized to enhance sport performance?

 

Hypotheses

1)      Provision of sporting facilities and equipment will not significantly improve performance.

2)      Modern sports facilities will not significant enhance performance.

3)      Utilization of the available sports facilities will not significantly have anything to do with success in sports.

4)      Standards and condition of the available sports facilities will not significantly enhance sports performance.

5)      The available facilities will not significantly utilized to enhance sports performance.

 

Significance of Study

This study as at when complete will supply first hand information on the benefits of provision of sports facilities for the athletes at all levels.

It will also discuss utilization of available facilities so as to enhance sports performance.

The study will also be beneficial to sports managers and coaches as it will throw more light to other determinants of excellence in sports performance. Furthermore, the research also highlighted some modern sporting facilities available overseas and which are not available in this country.

Delimitation of Study

This study was delimited to stadium/facility managers and sports administrators. It was also delimited to National Athletes, Organizing Secretaries, Physical Educators and coaches in these areas (four team sports, four dual sports and four individual sports).

Limitation of the Study

Part of the questionnaire for this research work was given to national athletes. Therefore, getting to them posed some problems, getting the appropriate respondents to fill the questionnaire because they were away for a crucial competition, part of the questionnaire was given to the sports administrators, coaches, organizing secretaries, stadium/facility managers who were not willing to respond to the questionnaire because of their tight schedules.

Operational Definition of Terms

Sports facilities: Sports facilities are fixed structures are fixed structures put place to enhance skill performance or to facilitate all sporting activities.

These structures may either be indoor or outdoor. Sports equipment: These are sports apparatus, machinery, gears, materials or implements used in an operation, or activity in effecting a given end. They can be moved from one place to another.

Private owned facilities: These are sports facilities owned and maintained by private institution clubs, and individuals.

Public owned facilities: These are the sports facilities owned and maintained by the government of local, federal and state levels.

Sports performance: This is the physical execution of an action or skill to achieve a desired result against an opponent space or time.

Sports development: This is the process of modernization and change that occur as a function of time requiring rapid innovation in the area of sports.

Provision: To supply or make something available.

Utilization: To make use of something for a practical purpose

Homologation test: This can be considered as a particular form of test aimed at verifying that sports facilities conform to federal rules.

 

 

 

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