SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL AS A DETERMINANT FACTOR OF INSECURITY AMONG RESIDENTS OF EJIGBO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA IN LAGOS STATE


Content

chapter one

introduction

Background to the Study

Even though urbanization serves a s a driving force for economic growth and development (Tannerfeldt and Perljung, 2006).  The resulting effects of rapid urbanization on human health, livelihood and the environment, shelter and sanitation especially on the disposal of waste that the cities generates are staggering with challenges such as slum development and environmental degradation as well as compromised health as a result of exposure to the solid wastes dumped very close to human residents.

The end of the 1980s saw a radical reappraisal of our concerns over resource availability and use, the environmental consequences of resource exploitation and the relationship between the environment, poverty and economic change.

This re-appraisal has given rise to a new approach to environment issues - an approach which seeks to reconcile human needs and the capacity of the environment to cope with the consequences of economic system. This approach is called sustainable development. Sustainable development is an implied development without destruction, it is the judicious use of non-renewable resources for the present and future generations, which are non-renewable resources, must be used at a judicious rate, neither too fast nor too slow and to ensure that the natural wealth that they represent is converted into long-term wealth as they are used (Adara, 2007).

In Nigeria, Agunwamba (2008) succinctly put it as sustainable development without jeopardizing future development, meaning that in our efforts to explore and exploit the natural resources to serve us, there is an obvious paradox evident in the need to ensure economic development, while protecting the environment. It is important to note that there must be a balance between levels of development and the stock of natural resources, that is, development must be at a level that can be sustained without prejudice to the natural environment or to future generations.

Adara, (2007) asserted that if there is to be sustainable development in waste management in Nigeria, the availability of land (for landfill), human resources, plant and equipment and other tools including capital must be readily available. We need to protect future for the next generation by cleaning up our environment of all types of waste, taking into consideration both physical and population development of the state.As such waste management must mean the collection, keeping, treatment and disposal of wastes in such a way as to render it harmless to human and animal life, the ecology and the environment generally.

The federal environmental protection act (1988) does not define “waste”, however Waste as the term implies is any solid, liquid or gaseous substances or materials which being a scrap or being super flows, refuse or reject, is disposed off or required to be disposed as unwanted. One of the few statues in Nigeria, which attempts to define waste is the Lagos State Environmental Edicts 1985, there in Section 32, waste is define as follows: Waste includes:

i.             Waste of all description.

ii.           Any substance, which constitutes scrap materials or an effluent or other unwanted surplus substances arising from the application of any process.

The generation and disposal of waste is an intrinsic part of any developing or industrial society. Waste, both from domestic and commercial sources has grown significantly in Nigeria over the past decade. Every time a householder shops at the store, and open market he contributes to the mountain of waste. It is possible to quote figures which show that the production of waste amounts to millions of tons. The percent of Nigeria’s population living in cities and urban areas has more than doubled in the last 15 years (Jimoh, 2005). The cities and urban areas experience continuous growth which contributes to

enormous in generation of solid and liquid waste. The management of waste is a matter of national and international concern. The volume of waste does not actually constitute the problem but the ability or inability of governments, individuals and waste disposal firms to keep up with the task of managing waste and the environment. There is no doubt that a dirty environment affects the standard of living, aesthetic sensibilities, health of the people and thus the quality of their lives (Mowoe, 2000).

 

 

Statement of the Problem

Uncontrolled and poorly managed solid wastes diminishes the quality of life in Lagos metropolis. It must be acknowledged that although wastes from homes, businesses and institutions make up a small part of the total load of solid wastes generated by Lagos state, they are certainly the most offensive and most dangerous to health when they accumulate near residential points. Several waste management agencies have set up programmes and strategies aimed at creating a positive attitude towards indiscriminate disposal of refuse. Some of these efforts are provision of trained/professional waste managers, effective monitoring and control, awareness campaign etc, inspite of all these, the researcher observed that the state of solid refuse disposal has worsened. It is based on this premise that this study will investigate solid wastes disposal as a determining factor of environmental insecurity among residents of Ejigbo Local Government Area of Lagos State.

Purpose of the Study

The purpose of this study will be to determine the influence ofsolid wastes disposal as a determining factor of environmental insecurity among residents of Ejigbo Local Government Area of Lagos State.

Significance of the study

This study is determined to assess the influence of solid wastes disposal as a determining factor of environmental insecurity among residents of Ejigbo Local Government Area of Lagos State. The study may create awareness on how to protect ourselves from health hazards as a result of polluted environment. It may also enlighten people on the need to articulate cogent solid waste management strategies in order to improve their living environment. It would assist the government to focus its attention in formulating policies that may make waste disposal management services beneficial to the entire populace.

Research Questions

The following research questions were raised and will be answered in the course of this study:

1.            Will adequate funding for domestic waste management agencies have any influence on environmental insecurity among residents of Ejigbo Local Government Area in Lagos State?

2.            Will provision of trained/professional waste managers have any influence on environmental insecurity among residents of Ejigbo Local Government Area in Lagos State?

3.            Will effective monitoring and control have any influence on environmental insecurity among residents of Ejigbo Local Government Area in Lagos State?

4.            Will adequate modern technology in implementing efficient waste management methods have any influence on environmental insecurity among residents of Ejigbo Local Government Area in Lagos State?

5.            Will awareness campaign have any influence on environmental insecurity among residents of Ejigbo Local Government Area in Lagos State?

6.            Will grassroots participation programme have any influence on environmental insecurity among residents of Ejigbo Local Government Area in Lagos State?

Research Hypotheses

The following research hypotheses were formulated and will be tested in the course of this study:

1.   Adequate funding for domestic waste management agencies will have no influence on environmental insecurity among residents of Ejigbo Local Government Area in Lagos State.

2.   Provision of trained/professional waste managers will have no influence on environmental insecurity among residents of Ejigbo Local Government Area in Lagos State.

3.   Effective monitoring and control will have no influence on environmental insecurity among residents of Ejigbo Local Government Area in Lagos State.

4.   Adequate modern technology in implementing efficient waste management methods will have no influence on environmental insecurity among residents of Ejigbo Local Government Area in Lagos State.

5.   Awareness campaign will have no influence on environmental insecurity among residents of Ejigbo Local Government Area in Lagos State.

6.   Grassroots participation programme will have no influence on environmental insecurity among residents of Ejigbo Local Government Area in Lagos State.

Delimitation of the Study

This study will be delimited to the following:

1.            Descriptive Survey research design

2.            Mainland Local Government Area of Lagos state

3.            Two hundred (200) adults (comprising men and women aged above 21) will be selected using the convenient sampling method

4.            Use of questionnaire, simple frequency counts of percentage will be used in the presentation of demographic data while inferential statistics of Chi-Square (x2) will be used in testing the stated hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance

Limitation of the Study

All limitation will be reported at the end of the research

Operational Definition of Key Terms

Indiscriminate: Action without careful judgment

Waste: Materials that are no longer needed and are thrown away

Environment: Refers to the land, air, water and all that sorrounds living organism and affects it.

Waste management: prevention by prior planning scientifically for problems appearing and solution.

Facilities: physical materials that are involved in the waste disposal management services.

Order Complete Project