THE ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES OF KWARA STATE FROM 1950 TO 2011 (A CASE STUDY OF KAIAMA PEOPLE)
The project is divided into five chapters. Each chapter has subdivisions.
Chapter one deals with the general introduction to the topic, this includes, aims and objective of the topic, the background of the study, methodology and research problems and notes and references.
Chapter two of this project deals with the political cultural and religious institution of the Kaiama people from 1950 to the present. Under this 'heading shall be discussing the various traditional institution in Kaiama town, such as traditional words, titled chief, the king makers, the procedure for selecting king, the Gani festival, the traditional religion, the spread of Islam and Christianity in Kaiama including notes and references.
The third chapter of this project deals essentially with the agricultural economy of Kaiama people from the period of 1950 to the present. Various sector of agriculture in Kaiama shall be discussed in this chapter, this include, The crops, Honey production, cattle marketing, cheese production, the production of Shea butter oil, trading activities etc. including notes and references.
The fourth chapter deals with the non-agricultural economy of Kaiama people from 1950 to the present, this chapter shall be looking into the areas such as hunting, blacksmithing industries, leather work, hotels system etc. The chapter five of this project contains the conclusion to the whole topic of this project including notes and references.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER ONE: GENERAL INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background to the Study
1.2 Aims and Objectives
1.3 Significance of the Study
1.5 Definition of Terms
Notes and References
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2. 1 Background History of the Kaiama People
2.2 The King Makers
2.3 Social Activities of Kaiama People
2.4 Religious Activities
Notes and References
CHAPTER THREE: THE IMPACT AGRICULTURAL. ECONOMY IN KAlAMA
3.2 Method of Farming in Kaiama
3.3 The Crops Grown by Kaiama People
3.4 The Impact of Yam/Yam flower towards the Development of Kaiama Economy
3.5 The Yam Planting, Harvesting, Processing, Storage and Marketing
3.6 Honey Making as Part of Kaiama Economy
3.7 Cattle Marketing in Kaiama
3.8 Cheese (Wara) Production.in Kaiama
3.9 The Production of Shea Butter (On) in Kaiama
3.10 The Role of Women in the Economy of Kaiama
3.11 The Trading Activities in Kaiama
3.12 Kaiama Market and their Days
Notes and References
CHAPTER FOUR: INDUSTRIAL ACTIVITIES OF THE PEOPLE OF KAlAMA
4.2 Hunting Activities in Kaiama
4.3 Blacksmith Industries in Kaiama
4.4 The Leather Work in' Kaiama
4.5 The Saw Milling Business in Kaiama
4.6 The Impact of Saw Mill on the Economy of Kaiama
4.7 The Skill Work
4.8 The Hotel Business
4.9 The Impact of Colonialism on the Economy
4.10 The Role of the Local Government Authority on the Economic Development of Kaiama
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION
Summary and Conclusion
Notes and References
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Available records did not account for the economic activities of Kaiama people. What was always discussed by several writers in different perspectives is the origin of the Kaiama people and up till now the same still continued without looking into the economic aspects despite its significance.
The importance of the economic activities of Kaiama people cannot be over-emphasized because of the rapid economic development of the town, which had a very considerable impact on all economic aspects being practiced by the people. Right from the beginning, Kaiama people had been very hard working, they engage themselves in different kinds of economic activities which has today metamorphosed as to attract national and international attention.
Indeed, Kaiama could be regarded as the food basket of the nation, this is because, people from various part of Nigeria patronizes Kaiama market to get their food stuffs such as yam, yam flour etc. The crops in Kaiama are being transported to various part of the country like Lagos, Ibadan, Abeokuta, Ekiti and other places in the south western part of the country, so also are the crops being transported to the northern side of the country in places like Ilorin, Lokoja, and Abuja, Niger and even Kano which was known' to be a commercial town, all this testified to the fact that the economic activities of the Kaiama people had for long time received a boom throughout the country.
Furthermore, Kaiama produces enormous percentage of the foods needed by the people of Nigeria particularly yam flour, and the people of Kaiama are working tirelessly to meeting the challenges. For instance, about half of the whole hectares of the Land cultivated by the Kwara state government in Shonga for commercial farming is being single handedly motivated by an individual in Kaiama, this testified to the fact that Kaiama people are indeed a large scale agriculturist,
1.2 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
In view of the above, there is the need to project the economic prowess of the Kaiama people within and outside the country, As a matter of fact, Kaiama people produces enormous percentage of the food needed the country, it is hereby in view of this that the federal, state and the local government are required to play a very active role in the economic development of Kaiama and to further place it on the fast lane of development, Therefore, by the above submission, it could be understood that there is the cogent need for a write up on this very important topic so as to further portray the economic glory of the Kaiama people so as to have a positive impact on their economic development such as bringing more people to participate in the economic development, attracting the attention of the various tiers of government on the economy of Kaiama people, availability of market for the locally produced products and possibly attracting foreign investors as well as leading to the industrial development of the town.
It is also important to state that, the town Kaiama is not operating alone, it is surrounded by many villages which they are' all together under a political entity. The villages play a more important role in economic development of the area.
Finally, the type of economy being practiced by the Kaiama people others are Hunting, Agriculture, Sawmill, Blacksmith, and the important of all which needed a special emphasis is the Agricultural through which the Kaiama people have gained recognition both at and abroad.
1.3 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The major significance of this study IS to keep the public informed of economic prowess of the Kaiama people within and outside the country and its impacts on the people. Its contribution to the social and political development of the community would also be investigated.
The use of both primary and secondary sources are valuable tools for historical reconstruction and especially in the study of this nature. The information about this work was obtained largely by means of oral interview and from few printed works.
Interviews were conducted among different groups in a bid to getting vital information. Therefore, oral interviews were conducted in the nooks and craning of Kaiama town and its environs from the people such as civil servants, traditional title holders, market men and women, elders and non-indigene who have settled there for a long time. Secondary works consulted were textbooks, journals etc. Which were thoroughly scrutinized in order to arrive at meaningful judgment.
In the process of this research, some obstacles which served as limitation came into play. One of the limitation had to do with the large size of the area covered, also, the time being spent in collecting such basic data. in the town is limited, it took a lot of time, energy and. money before gathering a full information from the elder people of the town, in fact, illiteracy was one of the fundamental problems encountered.
Furthermore. Lack of adequate materials made the research to be difficult. Most of the information was obtained through oral interview and there is no enough textbook which can be used to cross-checked the information obtained through oral tradition.
1.5 DEFINITION OF TERMS TITLE CHIEFS
There are certain traditional tittles that are conferred on some members of the royal houses. They are mainly for identification solders have no specific functions in the society. These titles include:
1. Yerima· Bakaru:- this position is supposed to be held by one of the elderly members of the royal house. Holders command respect and are most often regarded as the most senior prince.
2. Yerima Gene (Yerima Kura) - it is also one of the titles of the prince.
3. Kilishi Yerima: this title is usually bestowed on the first male born after succession to the office of an Emir. It is not an open title to be conferred on every prince.
Another category of the title holders are those from outside the royal family. This category has specific functions, which are either regularly or periodically performed. Among these title are:
Gbensiginda: (Ubandawaki)- he is the leader of the electoral college for the selection of a new Emir after the demise of a previous Emir.
Kikabarude:- He is next in hierarchy to the Gbensiginda and the custodian of the Magiro deity he had priestly functions initially. As the landlord and hunter at Kabaru he was in charge of the production, maintenance and safe keeping of all weapons in the armoury.
Kamaziki:- This is the war chief (Sarkiyaki) and the commander of the combatants.
Kiwaride:- He was in charge of the nomadic Fulani and he was very powerful in the palace.
Gbekerade:- He was responsible for keeping surveillance over the Emir's palace gates (Sarkinkofa).
Kiototode:- He was a chief messenger who also combines the functions of turbaning people on whom titles have been conferred.
Kikpasi: This is the Abokin Sarki whose title is given by the Emir usually to a close friend when he ascends the throne.
Kiokpara: He is the one in charge of traditional religious matters (Chief priest).
Kiyezinde: This is the highest position for the feminine folk in which only a princess is qualified to be appointed. The most prominent role of the Kiyezinde has often been during the allimportant annual Gani festival. Seven days after the ceremony at the emir's palace, the occasion is moved to her house. She is in charge of shaving all the young princes and princesses and giving them royal names.
Yanwekpe:- the holder of this post is in charge of the activities related to the girls. She spear heads all the ceremonial aspects of traditional marriage by making available all materials for bathing the bride and the groom.
NOTES AND REFERENCES
1. Mora, AR (1992) "History of Kaiama: a St.udy of 17'hCentury Migration from NikV pp. 66-69
2. Mora A.R. Ibid p. 80
3. Idris, D.M and M.I Yaru (1008) 'Kaiama from Great Trek to A Place to Rest; Haytee Press & Publishing Co. Nig. Ltd. Ibrahim Taiwo Road, Ilorin,
4. Journal on Kaiama Gam' Festival' 2007 and 2008.
5. Oral Interview, Alh. Usman Jimoh Head of Open & Secret -. Registry Kaiama Local Government at Kaiama on 17 /11/2011.
6. Idris, D.M and M.I Yaru (2008). "Kaiama from Great Trek to A Place to Rest', Hay tee Press & Publishing Co. Nig. Ltd. Ibrahim Taiwo Road, Borin. Pp, 5-10
7. Journal on Kaiama Gani Festival' 2007 and 2008.
8. Ugwu, A.C.O and D.R~ Odoh (1992) "Kaiama An Historical Perspective" pp. 1-40
9. Mohammed, I.M Mora Am ali Dogo's (1992) "Last Detachment Commander" pp. 144-155.