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- EFFECT OF EMPLOYEES PARTICIPATION IN DECISION MAKING ON ORGANISATION PERFORMANCE (A STUDY OF NIGERIA BAG MANUFACTURING PLC)
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THE EFFECT OF SOCIO- ECONOMIC BACKGROUND OF STUDENTS ON THEIR PERFORMANCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOL CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION (ECONOMICS)
Parent’s status has a problem which has faced the academic performance of the students as a matter of facts this study focused on the effect of socio-economic background of student on their performance in secondary school certificate examination economics.
Hence the effects of socio-economic background on student performance were strictly analyzed by and large the result of the study indicated that socio-economic background has effect or academic performance of the learner.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Title Page i
Acknowledgement iv- v
Table of content vii -ix
1.0 Introduction 1
1.1 Background to the study 1 - 4
1.2 Statement of the Problem 4 - 5
1.3 Purpose of the Study 5 - 6
1.4 Research Hypothesis 6
1.5 Significance of Study 7 - 8
1.6 Delimitation of the study 8
1.7 Limitation of the study 8
1.8 Operation definition of terms 9
2.0 Introduction 10
2.1 Family background of the children 10 -16
2.2 Socio Economic Status of parent in a child school
2.3 Parent educational attainment 18 - 21
ICT and student’s performance cleared ICT effect 20 - 21
2.5 A need for clarification and for appropriate explanation 21 -22
2.6 Student performance indirect effect 23
2.7 Students characteristics 23-24
2.8 Educational environment 25 - 28
2.9 ICT and student performance an enormous lack of
organizational change 28-32
2.10 Flexibility of training 33
3.0 Introduction 34
3.1 Research Design 34
3.2 Population of the Study 35
3.3 Sample and Sampling techniques 35
3.4 Instrument and instrumentation 35 -36
3.5 Validity of Instrument 36
3.6 Reliability of Instrument 37
3.7 Method of data analysis 37
Data Analysis And Interpretation
4.0 Introduction 38
4.1 Presentation of Data 39
4.2 Data analysis and interpretation 43
4.3 Analysis of research question 46
4.4 Analysis of hypothesis 46 -58
5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation 59
5.1 Summary 59-61
5.2 Conclusion 61-62
5.3 Recommendation 63-64
1.1 Background To The Study
Over the last decades, multiple attempts have been made to estimate an education production functions, linking various socioeconomic factors to an indicator of students’ performance.
This empirical literature, however, had led to ambiguous results. In particular. No mechanical relationship between the amount of resources fed the educational system and pupils performance has been identified (e.g. Coleman, 1966); Hanushak, 2003; Woessmann, 2000). In this context, some authors suggested paying more attention to the organizational aspects of the schooling process and in particular to the specific incentive structures which prevail within schools (Hanushak, 1997, Bishop et al 2000).
In recent years policymakers at the federal, state and local levels have worked to increase accountability in our education system by measuring student’s performance and raising standards. These joint efforts have equipped policymakers, educators and parents with the tools needed to grade not only students but also their schools. With the groundwork set, it is curricle that parents take advantages of opportunities for involvement in their children learning experience and play an active role in ensuring education excellence. During the last two decades, higher education institutions have invested heavily in information and communication technologies (ICT) ICT has had a major impact in the university context, in organization and teaching and learning method.
One puzzling question is the effective impact of these technologies on student’s achievement and on the returns of education.
Many academics researchers have tried to answer this question at the theoretical and empirical levels. They have faced two main difficulties, on one and student’s performance is hard to observe and on the other, ICT is involving technologies and there effects are difficult to isolate from their environment.
There is no standard definition for student performance the approach focus on achievement and curricula, how students understand courses and obtain their degrees or their makes. However, a move extensive definition deals with competencies, skills and attitudes learned through the education experience the narrow definition allows the observation of the outcomes of any change in higher education, while the more extensive definition needs a more complex strategy of observation and a focus on labour market the outcomes of education are mainly validated in the labour market.
The relationship between the use of ICT and student performance in higher education is not clear, and there are contradictory results in the literature. Earlier, economic research has failed to provide a clear consensus concerning the affection student’s achievement.
Institutional and organization variables also have consistent effect more precisely, schools autonomy in the recruitment of teachers has a strong positive influence on students’ performance.
We used the program for international students’ assessment (PISA 2000).
Cross section data to estimate the impact of organizational and institutional factors on students’ performance (controlling for individual characteristics).
In other to take into account hierarchical nature of the data, we introduced a country fixed-effect and school random effect in our regression model of education production function.
1.2 Statement Of The Problem
Over the years, there have been many researches to investigate the effect of socioeconomic background of students on their academic performance
Researches have been conducted to find out.
i. How does the socio-economic background affect the academic performance of the learners?
ii. Do the teachers’ characteristics have effect on student’s performance?
iii. Does the students socio-economic characteristics affect their education performance?
iv. Does the educational environment have impact on students’ performance?
v. What are the impacts of ICT on student performance in higher education: Direct effects indirect effects and organization change?
Also the researches work originated as a result of late coming to school; not performing well in their class-work and the effect on indiscipline of the student with special reference to Awori College Ojo.
1.3 Purpose Of The Study
The purpose of the study is summarized as follows
i. To find out how the economic of the parent affect the academic of the student.
ii. To find out the economic of the parent affect the academic of the student.
iii. To find out why students are been affected by their socio-economic background on their academic performance.
iv. To find out some other factors that affect student’s academic performance.
v. To find out the relationship been the use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and student performance in higher education.
1.4 Research Hypotheses
Ho1: Socio-economic background does not have a significant relationship on academic performance of the students.
Ho2: Educational background of the parents has a significant relationship on the academic performance of the students
1.5 Significance Of The Study
The result and out come of this study will provide the basis for effective guidance by parents and guardians to modify the students’ behaviour towards their academic performance.
Also the research will re-orientated parents and guardians on the effect of socio economic background on child’s education attainment in life.
ICT play a role on student’s achievement. They found significant, but low, positive impact on students performance due to ICT use. But they showed that some ICT seems to be positively correlated to performance while others are not (Sosin et al 2004).
PISA. Showed that while bivartate correlation between the availability of ICT and students’ performance is strongly and significantly positive, the corrections becomes small and insignificant when other student’s environmental characteristics are taken into consideration.
On this note, the study would delivery secondary education from the state of failure and dropping-out if only some of its findings are actualized.
1.6 Delimitation Of The Study
This study will focus mainly on students and parents with reference to District V of Lagos State Secondary Schools
1.7 Limitation Of The Study
Due to shortage of time and resources at the disposal of the researcher and inability of major educational actors to give out information cornering research work.
1.8 Operational Definition of Terms
Socio economic background: the socio economic background of the parents also have a significant relationship on the academic performance of the students e.g if a the parents of a particular student s so poor, this will tell on the student performance, because that child will not be able to afford his or her text book and at a particular time he/she does not feed well. A hungry student will not pay attention in class when he is so hungry etc.