THE IMPACT OF ARABIC AND ISLAMIC STUDIES IN ILORIN EMIRATES COUNCIL (A CASE STUDY OF MARKAS TA’LIMIL ARABIY ILORIN, KWARA STATE).


Content

ABSTRACT

 

This project is divided into five chapters. However, the first chapter is basically an introductory one. Here, readers are acquainted with the background to the study, objectives of the study, methodology and problems encountered, so also the significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study and definition of terms. The chapter serves as eyes openers and set one’s mind to other chapters.

 

Chapter two, literature review, this examines the contributions of the different authors toward the atmosphere and the historical background of Ilorin. However, the activities of the early Islamic scholars towards the establishment of Islamic schools in Ilorin are acknowledged in this chapter. Meanwhile, mention is also made of the various forms and stages of Islamic institutions and mode of learning.

 

Chapter three entails the Pre Madaris (Islamic Institutions) Era in Ilorin, the organizational structure of the school, that is: division of the school into levels (primary, junior, secondary), composition of staff, school curriculum, mosque, e.t.c. are brought to discussion. Also examined in this chapter is the biography of shaykh Yahya (the founder of the school) and his qualities.

 

Chapter four gives attention to the contributions or Impacts of the Madrasa (School) to the Society of the school to the society, the challenges confronting the school. Some solutions are proffered to the identified problems encountered by the school.

 

Finally, chapter five provides a summary and conclusion to the impact of Arabic and Islamic Studies in Ilorin Emirate particularly the contributions made by Markaz Ta’limil Arabiy, Oke-Agodi, Ilorin.


TABLE CONTENTS

 

Title page                                                                                                       i

Certification                                                                                                  ii

Dedication                                                                                                     iii

Acknowledgment                                                                                         iv

Abstract                                                                                                          v

Table of contents                                                                                         vi

 

CHAPTER ONE: GENERAL INTRODUCTION

1.1         Background of the study                                                                1

1.2         Statement of Problems                                                                   2

1.3         Aims and Objectives                                                                        3

1.4         Significance of the Study                                                               4

1.5         Methodology                                                                                     4

1.6         Scope and limitation of the Study                                                             4

1.7         Definition of Terms                                                                          5

Notes and references                                                                     6

 

CHAPTER TWO

2.1       Literature Review                                                                             7

2.2       The Markas Tahlim-L- Arobiya, Agodi, Ilorin, 1965-2012.         9

2.3       History of Markas Tahlim-L-Arobiya, Oke Agodi 25-31             10

2.4       The Aims and Objectives of the School                                       15

2.5       Building of the Mosque                                                                  16

2.6       The organization of the school                                                     19

2.7       Biography of the founder of the school                                       26

2.8       The qualities of Shaykh Yahya and his preaching techniques          28

Notes and references                                                                                 31

 

CHAPTER THREE

THE PRE MADARIS (ISLAMIC INSTITUTIONS) ERA IN ILORIN

3.1       The Environment

3.2       The State and the Nature of Islamic Institutions and Education in Ilorin from 1800 to 1926

3.3       Establishment of Scholars for Advanced Islamic Studies

3.4       Makaranta Allo

3.5       Makaranta Ilimi (Ilekewu Akunleke)

Notes and References

 

CHAPTER FOUR

THE MARKAS AND THE SOCIETY

4.1       The Contributions or Impacts of the Madrasa (School) To the Society

4.2       The Challenges

4.3       Prospects

Notes and References

 

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION

5.1       Summary

5.2       Conclusion

Bibliography

 

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

 

1.1     BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Prophet Muh’d states in one of his traditions that “the best man among you is the one who learns the Quran and then cares to teach it”. This hadith together with a number of verses from Holy Quran which emphasise the importance of knowledge and the need to spread it have made the Islamic scholars worldwide and Ilorin in particular to rise to this occasion. Hence, the establishment of Arabic and Islamic institutions.

 

In Islamic schools, Arabic is studied because it is the language of Quran and therefore has great spiritual value. Indeed, the history of the teaching of Arabic throughout the Islamic world, but particularly in the non-Arab world, has been the history of the spread of Islam. This is one of the reasons why the elementary Arabic schools in Nigeria are called Quranic schools, and both Arabic and Islam are taught simultaneously.

 

In Nigeria, a significant segment of the population accepts Islam as a faith and tends to abide by its principles. Meanwhile, certain “Machineries” have to be put in place in order to make Muslims acquainted with those Islamic principles. In the light of this, there is the need for the establishment of Islamic institutions. But, before Arabic and Islamic institution which provides Islamic education is discussed, it has to be emphasized that Islamic education is discussed, it has to be emphasized that Islam is not just a creed but a comprehensive way of life. Hence, it is concerned with the moral, intellectual, spiritual, social and economic welfare of mankind.

 

With particular references to the educational development of man, Islam enjoins its adherents to read and always seek for more and more knowledge (Quran 96:1-5, 20:114, 55:33). What distinguishes Islam from other systems of faith is the special emphasis it places on seeking knowledge in the name of the almighty Allah who has not only created man but has also taught him what he knew not (Q 96:1-5). Basically, it could be observed that the basic knowledge of Islam could only be acquired by going to the Islamic schools. In view of this, Islamic scholars in Ilorin resorted to the establishment of Islamic schools.

 

1.2     STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS

The problem encountered on the field work varied. Among which is that, my informants usually rebooked another time of interview for me. And, when I go there, I don’t always meet them. In the same vein, they would be respondent who is believed to have the information had to refer to another person on the account of having no time. Another problem is that, it is painstaking to find competent interpreters of the Arabic texts or materials used in this work.

 

Despite all these problems encountered by the researcher during the field work, necessary materials needed for the making and writing of this essay were gathered and thoroughly gone through carefully and objectively interpreted before committing them to writing.

 

1.3     AIMS AND OBJECTIVES

This work is an attempt to give the general survey of the nature of Arabic and Islamic institutions in Ilorin and in particular with reference to Markas Tahlim-Arobiya Oke Agodi. However, the origin, structure, objectives, contributions of the Madrasah (school) to the society and the challenges confronted would be examined.

 

It should be brought to discussion the forms and the nature which Arabic and Islamic institutions were and the type of education provided before the present ones are established. Also to be examined is the changes which have been brought by these ‘modern’ day Islamic institutions and their impact noticed on the people of Ilorin community. Above all, the roles played by the founder of this school with respect to the nurturing of the school would be examined.

 

1.4     SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The essence of this work is to compare and contrast between the old system of learning Arabic in Arabic schools and the new system especially in Ilorin Emirates Council.

Also to bring to the notice of the people the impacts that Markaz Tailimil-Arabiy Oke Agodi Ilorin had made to the spreading of Arabic and Islam in Ilorin Emirate Council.

 

1.5     METHODOLOGY

The method used in collecting data for this essay was through library materials where the researcher acquainted himself with secondary sources. Meanwhile, few materials available for this work are Arabic texts. Invariably, the use of interpreter is inevitable.

On the field work, information were sourced through the interview, conducted with the people who are directly connected with the school. That is, the principal, the staff, the students and also the people in the society.

 

1.6     SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The work only covered the impact of Arabic and Islamic studies in Ilorin emirates council particularly the contributions of Markas Ta’limil-Arabiy Oke Agodi Ilorin, towards development of Arabic and Islamic Studies between 1965-2012.

1.7     DEFINITION OF TERMS

The impact simply means the great effect that something has on something or somebody. Arabic is a language spoken by the Arabs is also a language which Quran was written with.

Islamic studies simply means searching for the knowledge about the religion of Islam which based on oneness of God and prophethood of prophet Muhammad.

Madaris means schools or institutions

Ilorin is a town which was founded by the Yoruba, one of the three largest ethnic group in Nigeria in 1450. The term simply means the powerful effect of Arabic and Islamic Studies on the people of Ilorin.

Tafsir means the translation of the Quran.

Makaranta Allo is a Quranic school for the beginners.

Makaranta Ilimi – Quranic translation’s school for the higher students, where they will learn some other Arabic books beside Quran to enhance their understanding of the Quran.

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