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THE IMPACT OF FORMAL EDUCATION ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF ENTREPRENUERSHIP (A Study of Etsako West Local Government Area of Edo State)
The study specifically investigate Effect of Formal Education on the Development of Entrepreneurship. A case study of Etsako West Local Government Area Auchi,
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Certification --- --- --- --- --- ---- --- --- i
Dedication --- --- --- --- --- ---- --- --- ii
Acknowledgement --- --- --- --- --- --- iii
Table of Contents --- --- --- --- --- ---- --- iv
Abstract --- --- --- --- --- ---- --- --- vii
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background to the study --- --- --- --- --- 1
1.2 Statement of the problem --- --- --- --- --- 3
1.3 Research Questions --- --- --- --- --- 3
1.4 Objective of the Study--- --- --- --- ---- --- 4
1.5 Statement of Hypotheses --- --- --- --- --- 4
1.6 Scope of the Study--- --- --- --- ---- --- 4
1.7 Significances of the Study--- --- --- --- --- 5
1.8 Limitation of the study--- --- --- --- ---- --- 5
1.9 Operational Definitions of Terms --- --- --- --- 6
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 Concept of Education --- --- --- --- ---- --- 8
2.2 Meaning of Formal Education --- --- --- --- 8
2.3 Meaning of an Entrepreneur --- --- --- --- --- 9
2.4 Effect of Formal Education --- --- --- --- --- 12
2.5 An Entrepreneur as a Bearing Risk and Uncertainty -- 16
2.6 Factors That Motivate Entrepreneur --- --- --- 18
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHOD
3.1 Research Design--- --- --- --- --- --- 21
3.2 Population of the Study --- --- --- --- --- 21
3.3 Sample/Sampling Techniques --- --- --- --- 22
3.4 Instrumentation --- --- --- --- --- --- --- 22
3.5 Methods of Data Collection --- --- --- --- --- 23
3.6 Method of Data Analysis --- --- --- --- --- 25
CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND
4.1 Data Presentation --- --- --- --- --- --- 26
4.2 Data Analysis --- --- --- --- --- --- --- 32
4.3 Test of Hypotheses --- --- --- --- --- 32
4.4 Discussion of Findings --- --- --- --- --- 36
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1 Summary--- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- 37
5.2 Conclusion --- --- --- --- --- --- --- 39
5.3 Recommendations --- --- --- --- --- --- 39
1.1 Background To The Study
In both the microeconomic and macroeconomic sector, one of the critical measuring tools for economic growth and development is the level of employment and employment opportunities opened to the people. It also help to determine the per capital income which we can give insight about the standard of living of the people.
Today, there are large number of employable graduates and non-graduates roaming the streets unemployed. Reasons is not unconnected with the fact that the employment opportunities in the public sector which happens to be the largest employer in the country is so inadequate that it cannot accommodate the teaming population of the skilled and unskilled workforce, because of the government inability to have a visible plan for the growing population. The private sector which was suppose to help, cannot make up for the ugly trend. Most government policies and programmes armed at reducing unemployment have been to no avail.
Studies have shown that a total shifts in both orientation and effort to the concept and practice of entrepreneurship is the remedy.
Stomper (1955) entrepreneurship is the basic requirement for economic development in a free enterprise or mixed economy like
Entrepreneurship according to Anuoha (2007) is the practice of starting new organizations or revitalizing nature organization, particularly new business generally in response to identified opportunities Entrepreneurship is often a different undertaking a vast majority of new business fail. Entrepreneurial activities are substantially different depending on the type of organization that is being stated.
Mamudu (2005) sees an Entrepreneur as a person or group of person’s who are willing to search act investment opportunities within his or her environment, establishment and run an enterprise successfully. An entrepreneur will usually invest their own capital in a business and take on the risk associated with the investment.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
In light of the general problem, this study would investigate the under listed specific problems.
(1) Knowing if the development of entrepreneurship has any significant effect on the rural communities.
(2) Examining if entrepreneurs are given any adequate incentive to help develop rural communities.
(3) Determining if there is enough infrastructural development in the rural communities and also determining if there is enough infrastructural development in the rural communities for the entrepreneurs to thrive.
1.3 Research Questions
The research question are stated as follows:
(i) How true is formal education a tool for self employment?
(ii) How far is it true that formal education and Entrepreneurship are central to nation building?
(iii) To what extent can we say that government policies and programmes have been able to eradicate unemployment?
1.4 Objective of the Study
(1) To find out if formal education enhance self employment.
(2) To determine if formal education and Entrepreneurship are central to nation building.
(3) To assess the extents to which government policies and programme are central to nation building.
1.5 Statement of the Hypotheses
(1) Formal education is not a tool for self employment.
(2) Formal education and Entrepreneurship have not been seen as central to nation building
(3) Government policies and programmes have not been able to eradicate unemployment
1.6 Scope of the Study
The scope of the study is intended to cover entrepreneurship development in Etsako West and their environs in
1.7 Significance of the Study
Though, much work might have been done in regard to the effect of formal education of the development of Entrepreneurship within the country.
It is also the wish of the research to provide a better and clear understanding of the concepts and practice of Entrepreneurship so as to improve and qualities and skills of Entrepreneurs which reduce the rate of unemployment and contribute to nation building.
1.8 Limitations of the Study
The limitations of this work are as follows:
Cost of executing the study or project, Inadequate relevant text and journals for references. Uncompleted questionnaires that are returned by some of the respondents. Inadequate response by the prospective interviewer graduates, non-graduate, skilled and un-skilled owners of small scale businessmen and women within the area of study. Inadequate time for research and writing of this work.
1.9 Operational Definition of Terms
Micro Economic: This is a branch of economic focuses on explaining the economic behavior of small units such as the individuals, households, individuals firms, individuals market or industries.
Macro-Economic: This on the other hand concentrate on the study of aggregate economic activities. It looks at the economy as a whole rather than as individual unit.
Mixed Economy: This is one in which resources are allocated partly through the decision of private individuals or the private sector and partly through the decision of the government or public sector.
Gross Domestic Product (GDP): This could be defined as the total market of all final goods or services produced in a country at a given time. normally a year.
Per Capital Income: This is the national income of the country over the population of the country.
Education: This is the process of educating or teaching to develop the knowledge, skills or character of students.
Unemployment: Okeke (1994) defined unemployment as a situation where there are people who are willing and able to work, who are actually seeking for work but find no employment.
Entrepreneur: Is an individual who undertakes to supply goods and services to the market for profit. This will usually invest their own capital in a business and take on the risk associated with the investment.