WASTE DISPOSAL MANAGEMENT IN LOCAL GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATION (A STUDY OF SURULERE LOCAL GOVERNMENT)


Content

ABSTRACT

A major concern to the government of Lagos state is the problem of solid Waste Management within Lagos metropolis.

To ameliorate the situation, the government put in place strategies for effective collection, disposal and management of solid waste to improve the living environment of the people.

A new initiative was developed statewide after a pilot scheme was undertake in Surulere. Kosofe and Shomolu Local Government Areas of the state. The pilot scheme bought to fore the need to regulate private sector participation (PSP) in domestic waste collection and disposal.

However, in view of this, the project carried out an overview study of Lagos State Waste Management in the state. Authority to reflect its role and significance in waste management in the state. The study also carried out an analysis - of data collected from primary and secondary source. Questionnaire were administered, collected and were analyzed descriptively using inferential statistical tools. On the basis of funding, it was revealed that with adequate funding of waste management outfit, private or public and good service delivery, the residents in the state would be ready to pay for waste collection.

Since waste collection and disposal is one of the constitutional duties of Local Government, the government (Local and State) should fashion out a lasting strategy to ensure a clean environment for all.

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

CHAPTER ONE

1.1      introduction

1.2      Purpose of study

1.3      Research Question

1.4      Preliminary hypothesis

1.5      Scope of study

1.6      Historical background of Surulere local Government

1.7      Limitation to the study

1.8      Definition of Terms

 

CHAPTER TWO

2.0 Literature review

2.1 concept of waste

2.2 concept of Disposal

2.3 concept of Management  

2.4 Waste Disposal

2.4.1 Recycling and Resource Recovery

2.4.2 Incentive for Resource recovery

24.3 waste Minimisation 

2.5 Generation of waste

2.6 Classification of Waste

2.6.1 Liquid waste

2. 6.2 Solid Waste

2.7     Stages involved in Waste Management

2.8     Sewage

2.9     Characteristics of Sewage

2.10   Methods of Sewage

2.10.1 Non Network Water Independent Method

2.10.2 Network Water Dependent method

2.11 Solid Waste Management

2.12 The process of solid waste Management

2.13 Refuse Storage

2.14 Refuse Transportation

2.15 Refuse Disposal

2.16 Attributes of Sanitary Landfill

2.17 Incineration

2.18 Law Guiding waste management in Lagos State

2.19Waste Disposal in Lagos State

2.20 Commercial and Industrial Waste Collection in Lagos State by

       LAWMA

2.21 Domestic waste collection in Lagos state

2.22 Landfill Disposal

  

CHAPTER THREE

3.0 Research methodology

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Restatement of the research questions

3.4 Research Design  

3.5 Identification of the study population

3.6 Determination of sample size and sampling procedure

3.7 Determination of data collection instrument

3.8 Administration of the data collection instrument

3.9 procedure for processing and analyzing data

3.10 Limitations of the Methodology

 

 

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0 Analysis of Data     

4.1 Procedure Used for analyzing data        

4.2 Analysis of Personal Data       

4.3 Analyzing of Research questions

4.4      Testing of Hypothesis

4.5      Summary of findings  

4.6 Observations of monthly environmental sanitation day

4.7 patronage of private sector Participation (PSP)

4.8 Operation of PSP in Local Government Areas

4.9 PSP having required Equipment

4.10 Government Assistance to PSP

4.11 Cart Pushers Operations

4.12 Cart Pushers Dumping at designed Dumpsites

4.13 Cart pusher allowed To Operate

 

CHAPTER FIVE 

5.0 Conclusion and recommendations

5.1 Summary of the Whole text

5.2 Summary and conclusion of findings

5.3 Recommendation for further studies

5.4 Recommendation for further studies

Biography

Appendix one

Questionnaire

 

                                                 

 

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

 

1.1     BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

In the sanitation of the environment, disposal of wastes has been identified as being of utmost importance. It is the first problem which must be discussed in any community for the fact that it is basically controlled for enhancement of health of the people in the environment, because the success of any other health measures introduce will depend to a large extent upon the efficiency with which it is solved. The task of maintaining a healthy environment through sanitary disposal of waste has become more difficult in recent times in West Africa and most other developing countries of which Nigeria is one. The reason been that of population explosion, migration of the people from rural to urban areas, the mobility of population as a result of style of life, the increase in outdoor recreation and industrialization.

Health planners; therefore, as those charged with the responsibility of providing health to the people determine what wastes are, identify the various types of wastes and highlight the relationship between wastes and public health, with a view to working out suitable ways of dealing with these wastes.

However, the waste problem has become inter-government in scope and the local governments still retain their constitutional roles, the state and the federal government have assumed the role of the big brother in waste management the role of Local Government in waste management is imposed both by the federal constitution and the local government (Basic and transitional provision) Act 1989. Indeed waste management has been recognized as an integral part of health and environment services of local government for the state government.

Most states in the Federation have by enabling edicts established, Environmental sanitation authorities, in which we have Lagos sat waste management Authority (LAWMA) in Lagos, Ibadan solid waste management.

 

Management of Solid Waste

The need for the agencies has arisen from the expanding complexity of the waste and the inability of the rations local government councils to cope with the problem alone.

 

1.2     PURPOSE OF STUDY

The purpose of this study IS to determine the extent to which the facility used by local government to manage waste needs to be improved upon,' to be able to cope with the mounting bills of refuse that abound in the urban center. The study will also try to determine if the participation of private initiatives will assist the government in improving the general health of the populace.

 

1.3     RESEARCH QUESTIONS

The following are the research question, which the study aims to provide answer to.

i.        How effective IS the use of private initiative in the control of Waste disposal?

ii.    Is there any correlation between waste disposal management and health hazards?

iii.    What is the role of government in waste disposal management?

iv.    Can any economic value be derived from the salvage of material from waste?

 

1.4    PRELIMINARY HYPOTHESES

The following hypotheses will be the main focus of the study.

 

1.   Ho: The introduction of private initiatives does not contribute to effective waste disposal management

Hi: The introduction of private initiatives will contribute to effective waste disposal management.

2.    Ho: Ineffective waste disposal management does not contribute to health hazards

Hi: Ineffective waste disposal management contributes to health

hazards.

3.    Ho: Government involvement is not needed for the effective

Management of waste disposal.

Hi: Government involvement is needed for effective waste management control.

4.    Ho: Salvaging for waste materials as a mean of employment is not a worthwhile venture.

Hi: Salvaging for waste materials as a means of employment is a worthwhile venture.

 

1.5     SCOPE OF THE STUDY

The scope of the study will be limited to finding out an appropriate

sanitation and cost effective system of waste management in Lagos State and mush in Local government area in particular, which will eradicate the environmental health problems, and to examine the existing methods of waste management and also to select viable ones among them for efficient management of these wastes.

It will also try to identify the environmental health problems associated with ineffective waste management and the effects on the people in the communities under Mushin Local Government and Lagos State at large.

 

1.6     HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF SURULERE LOCAL GOVERNMENT.

Surulere Local Government is described as the center of commerce. It is located in the heart of Lagos and has modern amenities like tap water, electricity supply, telephone network, and good road networks it is bounded in the north by Oshodi-Isolo Local Government, in the East by Shomolu Local Government and in the south by mainland Local Government.

Formerly, Surulere was part of Ikeja Native Authority in the western Region before it was carved out as a District in 1954 with its boundary extending to the present Shomolu Local Government council, initially Surulere District council started as a one room rented shop on palm Avenue, but it was later moved to Isolo road on the site presently Occupied by the Lagos State waste disposal board and the Nigeria police zone D command.

The council moved to its present administrative secretariat in 1965 when its Isolo road secretariat was razed down during the political riot code named "Wetie".

With the army suspension of political activities in 1966 and the creation of Lagos State in 1966, Mushin District council was elevated to a town council Status. The 1976 Local Government edict divided the council into two: Surulere west Local Government which covered Surulere, Agege motor Road, Iso10, Shogunle, Onigbongbo, Ejigbo, Odi-olowo; Maryland, Ilupeju, Cappa and Estate. While Surulere East Local Government covered Bariga, Shomolu, Kosofe and environs.

With subsequent persistent agitation from members of the public, the Government later changed the name Mushin East to Shomolu Local Government.

During the civilian administration between 1979 and 1983 Surulere Local Government was divided into four local governments councils, namely, Surulere Itire /Tkate. Oshodi/Isolo and Odi Olowo / Ojuwoye / Onigbogbo.

The council Management System of Local Government was however short-lived as the military Administration that came into power in December 1983 abolished the proliferated system and maintains the 1976 status quo. Consequently, the three defunct Local governments served as area offices to Surulere Local Government for administration convenience.

The creation of 12 local government in Lagos state and, subsequent boundary adjustment saw surulere Local government losing some of its area of Ikeja and Mainland Local Government.

The declaration of August 27 and 29, 1991 by the federal Government saw the creation of 15 Local Government in Lagos State and once again Surulere Local Government lost Oshodi/lsolo thereby leaving only Surulere Ilupeju and Itire areas, with the provisional figures of the 1991 National census putting the Mushin Local Government population at 986,847 people.

 

1.7     LIMITATION TO THE STUDY

The research work on waste disposal management will be restricted to Lagos Sate and Mushin Local Government in particular. To a large extent, the records and documents to be used in the writing of the project will be limited to this defined local government, Surulere Local Government and Lagos State.

In the same vein, waste management is the realm at which the writing of this project will revolve so as to point out the necessary areas in which improvement are necessary to this field of management.

 

1.8     DEFINITIONS OF TERMS

Some of the terms used in this study are briefly defined as follows:

1.              Planning- it is the process by which we prepare for the future not compromising the present them and considering the past.

2.              “K.A.I.”- Kick Against indiscipline it is agency set up by the Lagos state Government to curb in discipline and environmental nuisance.

3.              Incineration: it is the process in which waste is reduced to harmless ashes through the application of heat (burning).

4.                Sanitary land filling: This is the process by which waste dumped at the landfill sites were covered daily with earth materials (sand) and there are facilities for odour, litter, vermin and rodent control.

5.                Composting- it is the process in which the waste is sorted and the bio-degradable substarlce, in the waste are dried and converted from can be used as soil conditioned.

6.                Recycling: A process by which some useful materials are sorted from waste and are made to pass through series of process or treatment to make other similar materials e.g glass, plastics.

7.                Resource Recovery: it is the regaining or bringing back to normal condition certain useful materials from waste e.g returnable bottles, pallets and others. 

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