DETERMINING THE SERUM PROTEIN LEVELS AND CIC LEVEL IN CEREBRAL MALARIA PATIENTS

  • 0 Review(s)

Product Category: Projects

Product Code: 00000492

No of Pages: 56

No of Chapters: 5

File Format: Microsoft Word

Price :

₦3000

TABLE OF CONTENTS


CHAPTER ONE

1.0     INTRODUCTION

1.1       JUSTIFICATION

1.2       OBJECTIVES OF THIS STUDY

 

CHAPTER TWO

2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1 DEFINITION OF MALARIA

2.2 HISTORICAL OUTLINE

2.3 COMMON FEATURES

2.3.1 PERIODICITY

2.3.2 RELAPSES

2.3.3 CAUSE OF DEATH

2.3.4 SENSITIZATION

2.3.5 HOST FACTORS

2.4 PATHOLOGICAL AND PATHOPHYSIOLOGICAL CHANGES

2.5 MALARIA SPECIES IN MAN

2.5.1 PLASMODIUM VIVAX

 5.2 PLASMODIUM OVALE

2.5.3 PLASMODIUM MALARIAE

2.5.4PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM

2.6 LIFE CYCLE 2.6.1

2.6.2 PARASITE IN VERTEBRATE HOST

2.6.2.1 TISSUE PHASE

2.6.2.2 ERYTHROCYTIC PHASE

2.6.23 ULTRASTRUCTURE

2.7MALARIA IN PREGNANCY

2.8 MALARIA IN CHILDREN

2.8.1CONGENITAL AND NEONATAL MALARIA

2.9 IMMUNITY IN MALARIA

2.9.1DIAGNOSIS

2.10 SERUM PROTEINS IN MALRIA

2.11 BIOCHEMISTRY OF CIRCULATING IMMUNE COMPLEX

2.12 CIRCULATING IMMUNE COMPLEXES IN MALARIA

 

 

CHAPTER THREE

3.0 MATERIALS AND METHODS

3.1 APPARATUS AND EQUIPMENT

3.2CHEMICALS AND REAGENTS

3.3 PREPARATION OF REAGENTS

3.3.1 REAGENT FOR TOTAL PROTEIN

3.3 .2 REAGENT FOR ALBUMIN

3.3.3 REAGENTS FOR CIRCULATING IMMUNE COMPLEXES

3.3.4POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL (PEG) 6000 SOLUTION

3.4 STUDIED PATIENTS AND SUBJECTS

3.5 SAMPLE COLLECTION

 

3.6 ESTIMATION OF SERUM TOTAL PROTEIN

3.7 ESTIMATION OF SERUM ALBUMIN BY BROMOCRESOL GREEN

METHOD

3.8 ASSAY OF CIRCULATING IMMUNE COMPLEXES (CICs)

3.9 SERUM GLOBULIN DETERMINATION

3.10 STATISTICAL ANALYSIS

 

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0 RESULTS

 

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0 DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION

5.1 DISCUSSION

5.2 CONCLUSION

5.3 RECOMMENDATION

REFERENCES

APPENDIX I


 



 

CHAPTER ONE

1.0     INTRODUCTION

Malaria is a febrile illness characterized by fever and related symptoms (WHO, 1990).

It is a disease caused by a blood borne protozoan parasite which is an intracellular parasite belonging to the class Sporozoa and of the genus Plasmodium and it is transmitted through the bite of an infected female anopheles mosquito (CDC, 2002). There are four different parasites of this genus which may give rise to malaria in man.

Malaria is probably one of the oldest diseases known to mankind that has profound impact on our history. History of malaria and its terrible effects is as ancient as the history of civilization, therefore history of mankind itself (Ray et al., 1992). This ancient disease is still the scourge of the tropic and subtropics Africa, the Middle East, Asia and China and Central and South America are all endemic zones with tens of Ilion cases annually (Lucas, 1992).

Plasmodium falciparum is one of the genus and cause the most ere and virulent form of the disease and the only one to cause acute ality. In this study Plasmodium falciparum will be on focus since it is most prevalent in Nigeria. This genus of malaria spend a part of their cycle in the red cell of the host where the erythrocyticschizogony. They develop into merozoites and undergo a cycle producing schizonts.

Each cycle terminates when the red cell rupture releasing merozoites into the circulation to infect new red cells eliciting an immune response.

Malaria infection leads to the formation of circulating immune complexes (Mibeiet al., 2005). The importance of circulating immune complexes (CIC) and their relationship to various diseases has been the subject of investigation for number of years. Formation of immune complexes is a protective, on-going and usually benign process of a normally functioning immune system. However, in some individual CIC are deposited in the walls of blood vessels, especially in the glomerular capillaries where they cause tissue damage.

The biospecific binding between sites of the antibody and the determinant group of the antigen result in the formation of antigen-antibody complex (AgAb) known as immune complexes (McDougal and McDuffie, 1985). Since malaria has been known to cause mortality this study is aimed at assessing the magnitude of circulating immune Complexes and some biochemical parameters which include serum total rein, albumin and globulin.

 

1.1       JUSTIFICATION

The science of immunology have suggested the use of CIC to measure variety of clinically oriented condition, this current studies ,suggest that CIC determination can be important in the evaluation of in disease and sometimes in monitoring the efficiency of therapy.

Studies have suggested that plasma protein pattern is frequently abnormal in patients with acute malaria and disturbance in immune responses makes the disease a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with malaria.

There is therefore need to determine CIC and serum proteins in patients suffering from malaria with a view to understand the pathology of the infection.

 

1.2       OBJECTIVES OF THIS STUDY

This study is aimed at:

1.      Determining the serum protein levels and CIC level in cerebral malaria patients, those currently on treatments, severe malaria and apparently healthy individuals.

2.      Comparing the level among the different groups studied.

3.      Making recommendations based on the results obtained and use of CIC in the diagnosis of malaria.

Buyers has the right to create dispute within seven (7) days of purchase for 100% refund request when you experience issue with the file received. 

Dispute can only be created when you receive a corrupt file, a wrong file or irregularities in the table of contents and content of the file you received. 

ProjectShelve.com shall either provide the appropriate file within 48hrs or send refund excluding your bank transaction charges. Term and Conditions are applied.

Buyers are expected to confirm that the material you are paying for is available on our website ProjectShelve.com and you have selected the right material, you have also gone through the preliminary pages and it interests you before payment. DO NOT MAKE BANK PAYMENT IF YOUR TOPIC IS NOT ON THE WEBSITE.

In case of payment for a material not available on ProjectShelve.com, the management of ProjectShelve.com has the right to keep your money until you send a topic that is available on our website within 48 hours.

You cannot change topic after receiving material of the topic you ordered and paid for.

Ratings & Reviews

0.0

No Review Found.


To Review


To Comment